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Title: Immediate functional effects of left ventricular reduction: A Doppler echocardiographic study in the rat
Authors: Kanashiro, R. M.
Saraiva, R. M.
Alberta, A.
Antonio, E. L.
Moises, V. A.
Tucci, PJF
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: LV reduction
ventricular function
Frank-Starling mechanism
atrial function
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2006
Publisher: Churchill Livingstone Inc Medical Publishers
Citation: Journal of Cardiac Failure. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone Inc Medical Publishers, v. 12, n. 2, p. 163-169, 2006.
Abstract: Background: Immediate functional effects of left ventricle reduction (LVR) are not yet fully defined. Those effects have been studied in the experimental model of myocardial infarction scar plication (MISP) in the rat.Methods and Results: A Doppler echocardiogram was performed immediately before and after MISP in 20 rats with infarction of the left ventricle (LV) larger than 40%. LV diastolic volume reduction (475 +/- 114 versus 185 +/- 65 mu L) was accompanied by heart rate decrease (230 +/- 25 versus 166 +/- 27 beats/min) and increase of ejection fraction (37 +/- 7 versus 67 +/- 12%), fractional shortening (18 +/- 3 versus 46 +/- 8%) and posterior wall shortening velocity (1.50 +/- 0.62 versus 2.01 +/- 0.46 cm/s). LV diastolic volume/ stroke volume slope was steeper after LVR, suggesting enhancement of the Frank-Starling mechanism. Restrictive pattern of left atrial emptying was alleviated after LVR (E wave: 101 +/- 15 versus 66 +/- 14 cm/s; E/A ratio: 6.8 +/- 2.9 versus 5.0 +/- 2.2; E wave deceleration time: 36 +/- 6 versus 51 +/- 10 msec) even though left atrial diameter (0.69 +/- 0.07 versus 0.66 +/- 0.06 cm) and A wave (18.0 +/- 9.4 versus 15.8 +/- 7.8 cm/s) did not vary. Additionally, a pulmonary flow profile suggesting pulmonary hypertension was observed in 12 of 17 animals before, and in only 3 after, LVR.Conclusion: LVR favors cardiac function not only by reducing afterload. the present data are in consonance with previous suggestions that the Frank-Starling mechanism is enhanced after MISP and, in addition to LV ejection function improvement, the unprecedented facilitation of left atrial emptying after LVR was particularly noteworthy. Even though LVR restricts ventricular distensibility, atrial emptying can be facilitated, probably on account of LV ejection improvement.
ISSN: 1071-9164
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