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Title: Melanocyte transformation associated with substrate adhesion impediment
Authors: Oba-Shinjo, Sueli Mieko [UNIFESP]
Correa, Mariangela [UNIFESP]
Ricca, Tatiana Iervolino [UNIFESP]
Molognoni, Fernanda [UNIFESP]
Pinhal, Maria Aparecida da Silva [UNIFESP]
Neves, Izabel A. [UNIFESP]
Marie, Sueli Kazue Nagahashi
Sampaio, Lucia de Oliveira [UNIFESP]
Nader, Helena Bonciani [UNIFESP]
Chammas, Roger
Jasiulionis, Miriam Galvonas [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Keywords: melanocyte transformation
substrate adhesion impediment
adhesion molecules
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2006
Publisher: Neoplasia Press
Citation: Neoplasia. Ann Arbor: Neoplasia Press, v. 8, n. 3, p. 231-241, 2006.
Abstract: Exclude experimental models of malignant transformationemploy chemical and physical carcinogens or genetic manipulations to study tumor progression. in this work, different melanoma cell lines were established after submitting a nontumorigenic melanocyte lineage (melan-a) to sequential cycles of forced anchorage impediment. the great majority of these cells underwent anoikis when maintained in suspension. After one deadhesion cycle, phenotypic alterations were noticeable in the few surviving cells, which became more numerous and showed progressive alterations after each adhesion impediment step. No significant differences in cell surface expression of integrins were detected, but a clear electrophoretic migration shift, compatible with an altered glycosylation pattern, was observed for beta(1) chain in transformed cell lines. in parallel, a progressive enrichment of tri- and tetra-antennary N-glycans was apparent, suggesting increased N-acetylglucosaminyl-transferase V activity. Alterations both in proteoglycan glycosylation pattern and core protein expression were detected during the transformation process. in conclusion, this model corroborates the role of adhesion state as a promoting agent in transformation process and demonstrates that cell adhesion disturbances may act as carcinogenic stimuli, at least for a nontumorigenic immortalized melanocyte lineage. These findings have intriguing implications for in vivo carcinogenesis, suggesting that anchorage independence may precede, and contribute to, neoplastic conversion.
ISSN: 1522-8002
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