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Title: Effects of baclofen on reserpine-induced vacuous chewing movements in mice
Authors: Castro, JPMV
Frussa-Filho, R.
Fukushiro, D. F.
Silva, R. H.
Medrano, W. A.
Ribeiro, R. D.
Abilio, V. C.
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: GABA
tardive dyskinesia
Issue Date: 15-Feb-2006
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Brain Research Bulletin. Oxford: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V., v. 68, n. 6, p. 436-441, 2006.
Abstract: We have described that GABA mimetic drugs present the ability to inhibit the expression of reserpine-induced oral movements. in this respect, oral movements is associated with important neuropathologies. This study investigates the effects of an acute or a repeated treatment of different doses of the GABA(B) agonist baclofen, as well as withdrawal from these treatments, on the development and/or expression of reserpine-induced vacuous chewing movements (VCM). Male mice received two injections of vehicle or of 1 mg/kg reserpine separated by 48h. in the first experiment, 24 h later, animals were acutely treated with vehicle or baclofen (1, 2 or 4 mg/kg). in the second experiment, animals were treated with vehicle or baclofen (1 or 4 mg/kg) for four consecutive days receiving a concomitant injection of 1 mg/kg reserpine (or vehicle) on Days 2 and 4. Twenty-four hours later, animals received vehicle or baclofen. Thirty minutes after the last injection, they were observed for quantification of VCM and open-field general activity. the acute administration of all the doses of baclofen abolished the manifestation of reserpine-induced VCM. Repeated treatment with 1 mg/kg baclofen induced tolerance to the ability of an acute injection of this dose to reduce VCM. Treatment with baclofen (4 mg/kg) did not modify spontaneous VCM. Acute administration of the highest dose induced a decrease in general motor activity and a potentiation of the reserpine-induced decrease in general activity. These results reinforce the involvement of GABAcrgic hypofunction in the expression of oral movements and suggest that a repeated treatment with baclofen induces compensatory changes in GABAergic transmission that can attenuate its acute property to decrease VCM. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0361-9230
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