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Title: Effects of progesterone blockade over cocaine-induced genital reflexes of paradoxical sleep-deprived male rats
Authors: Andersen, Monica Levy [UNIFESP]
Tufik, Sergio [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: Paradoxical sleep deprivation
Genital reflexes
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2005
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Hormones and Behavior. San Diego: Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science, v. 47, n. 4, p. 477-484, 2005.
Abstract: Paradoxical sleep deprivation (PSD) enhances cocaine-induced genital reflexes (penile erection [PE] and ejaculation [EJ]) in male rats and induces a significant increase in progesterone concentration. As progesterone treatment facilitates PE in PSD castrated rats, we may speculate that progesterone appears to be a relevant hormonal factor eliciting genital reflexes in PSD males. in order to expand the latter finding, different doses of antiprogestin mifepristone (vehicle, 2.5, 5, 10, and 20 mg/kg, s.c.) were administered to PSD rats at the end of a 4-day period of PSD 1 h prior to cocaine administration (7 mg/kg, i.p.) and placed in observation cages for the evaluation of genital reflexes. Pretreatment with vehicle induced PE in all rats and this effect was significantly reduced by mifepristone at 5 to 20 mg/kg doses that lowered the proportion to 40% of the rats. the frequency of PE was also significantly reduced for all doses used. There were no significant differences between vehicle and mifepristone in EJ behavior. As for hormone concentrations, mifepristone reduced progesterone concentrations at the 520 mg/kg doses compared to vehicle group. At 20 mg/kg, it also elevated testosterone concentrations. in addition, mifepristone administration induced a significant decrease in the duration of PS episodes at all doses. These data suggest that progesterone exerts an essential role in erectile response induced by cocaine in PSD male rats. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0018-506X
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