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Title: Neuroendocrine effects of quetiapine in healthy volunteers
Authors: Guerra, Alexandro de Borja Gonçalves [UNIFESP]
Castel, Saulo [UNIFESP]
Benedito-Silva, Ana Amélia [UNIFESP]
Calil, Helena Maria [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: ACTH
growth hormone
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2005
Publisher: Cambridge Univ Press
Citation: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology. New York: Cambridge Univ Press, v. 8, n. 1, p. 49-57, 2005.
Abstract: The present study measured prolactin, cortisol, ACTH and growth hormone in healthy male volunteers following an acute oral administration of quetiapine, an atypical antipsychotic with high affinity for H, and moderate affinity for sigma, sigma(1), 5-HT2, alpha(2) and D-2 receptors. Fifteen male volunteers entered this randomized double-blind, cross-over, placebo-controlled study. Blood samples were drawn every 30 min from 09:00 hours to 13:00 hours. the first samples were drawn immediately before the administration of 150 mg quetiapine or placebo. Mean results for each hormone and ANOVA for repeated measures were performed. the area under the curve (AUC) hormonal values were calculated and compared by paired t test. the ANOVA showed an increase of prolactin after quetiapine administration from time 60 min up to the end of the observation period. Cortisol decreased after quetiapine administration from time 150 min to time 240 min. ACTH secretion showed no difference compared to placebo. There was a late increase in growth hormone secretion, significant in comparison with placebo only at time 210 min. the AUC values were statistically different for prolactin and cortisol compared to placebo. A single dose of quetiapine (150 mg) increased prolactin secretion probably due to a transiently high D, receptor occupancy at the anterior pituitary. Cortisol secretion decreased as was expected from quetiapine's pharmacodynamic profile. the lack of response of ACTH might be, at least in part, explained by the low hormonal assay sensitivity. the late growth hormone increase might have been due to quetiapine's antagonism of H, receptors.
ISSN: 1461-1457
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