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Title: Virulence of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis and gp43 expression in isolates bearing known PbGP43 genotype
Authors: Carvalho, K. C.
Ganiko, L.
Batista, W. L.
Morais, F. V.
Marques, E. R.
Goldman, G. H.
Franco, M. E.
Puccia, R.
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Keywords: gp43
Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2005
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Microbes and Infection. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 7, n. 1, p. 55-65, 2005.
Abstract: Paracoccidioides brasiliensis is the dimorphic fungus responsible for human paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM). We previously observed that P. brasiliensis isolates bearing highly polymorphic PbGP43 of genotype A (Pb2, Pb3 and Pb4) were phylogenetically distant from the others. the PbGP43 gene encodes an immune dominant diagnostic antigen (gp43), and its polymorphism reflects broader genetic diversity in the species. in the present study, we observed that isolates with PbGP43 of genotype A showed low virulence when inoculated in B10.A mice by the intraperitoneal, intratracheal and intravenous routes. in vitro studies detected sharp and prolonged down-regulation of PbGP43 in Pb3 (and not in PbI8 or Pb339) as a result of heat shock at 42degreesC and temperature shift to prompt mycelium to yeast transition, which was, however, not disturbed. Differences in transcriptional regulation are possibly a consequence of mutations in the PbGP43 promoter region, which we here show to be more polymorphic in genotype A isolates. As opposed to Pb3's rapid adaptation to in vitro culture conditions after isolation from the lung, Pb12, the most aggressive isolate tested here, showed slow growth and phase transition in vitro. Interestingly, animals that were highly infected by Pb12 produced small amounts of anti-gp43 antibodies. That was apparently due to down-regulation in PbGP43 expression. We present the first evidence of transcriptional regulation of gp43 expression, but our results suggest that gene expression is also regulated at the protein and/or secretion levels. (C) 2004 Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1286-4579
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