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Title: Monosialoganglioside increases catalase activity in cerebral cortex of rats
Authors: Fighera, M. R.
Bonini, J. S.
Frussa, R.
Dutra, C. S.
Hagen, MEK
Rubin, M. A.
Mello, C. F.
Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Fed Rio Grande Sul
Keywords: GM1 ganglioside
total radical-trapping antioxidant potential
antioxidant enzymes
spontaneous chemiluminescence
Issue Date: 1-May-2004
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Citation: Free Radical Research. Abingdon: Taylor & Francis Ltd, v. 38, n. 5, p. 495-500, 2004.
Abstract: Monosialoganglioside (GM1) is a neuroprotective agent that has been reported to scavenge free radicals generated during reperfusion and to protect receptors and enzymes from oxidative damage. However, only a few studies have attempted to investigate the effects of GM1 on enzymatic antioxidant defenses of the brain. in the present study, we evaluate the effects of the systemic administration of GM1 on the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and on spontaneous chemiluminescence and total radical-trapping potential (TRAP) in cerebral cortex of rats ex vivo . the effects of GM1 on CAT activity and spontaneous chemiluminescence in vitro were also determined.Animals received two injections of GM1 (50 mg/kg, i.p.) or saline (0.85% NaCl, i.p.) spaced 24 h apart. Thirty minutes after the second injection the animals were sacrificed and enzyme activities and spontaneous chemiluminescence and TRAP were measured in cell-free homogenates. GM1 administration reduced spontaneous chemiluminescence and increased catalase activity ex vivo , but had no effect on TRAP, SOD or GSH-Px activities. GM1, at high concentrations, reduced CAT activity in vitro . We suggest that the antioxidant activity of GM1 ganglioside in the cerebral cortex may be due to an increased catalase activity.
ISSN: 1071-5762
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