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Title: Pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus increases glutamate release in rat hippocampal synaptosomes
Authors: Costa, M. S.
Rocha, JBT
Perosa, SR
Cavalheiro, E. A.
Naffah-Mazzacoratti, MDG
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS)
Keywords: synaptosome
glutamate release
Issue Date: 6-Feb-2004
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Neuroscience Letters. Clare: Elsevier Sci Ireland Ltd, v. 356, n. 1, p. 41-44, 2004.
Abstract: A pronounced glutamate release has been related to neuronal death in several structures due to status epilepticus (SE). We investigated the glutamate uptake and release by both cortical and hippocampal synaptosome in pilocarpine model of epilepsy. Animals were submitted to long-lasting SE (12 h) induced by pilocarpine and compared with non-treated animals. Animals presenting SE did not modify the glutamate uptake by synaptosomes. An increase in the glutamate efflux in the absence (1.43-fold) and in the presence of KCl (1.25-fold) was found in hippocampal synaptosomes. Pilocarpine added to the medium did not modify the glutamate release profile, showing that SE is necessary to modify the glutamate release. As the glutamate uptake is not modified, the hippocampal excitotoxicity may be related to impairment only in the mechanism of the glutamate release. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0304-3940
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