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Title: Facilitation of ejaculation after methamphetamine administration in paradoxical sleep deprived rats
Authors: Andersen, M. L.
Bignotto, M.
Tufik, S.
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: paradoxical sleep deprivation
genital reflex
Issue Date: 18-Jul-2003
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Brain Research. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 978, n. 1-2, p. 31-37, 2003.
Abstract: This study investigated the effects of methamphetamine (MA) on genital reflexes in paradoxical sleep deprived (PSD) rats. Different doses of MA (0, 4. 16 and 64 mg/kg) were acutely given after PSD or the equivalent time to control animals. We observed enhancement of spontaneous ejaculation in PSD rats with larger doses of MA, the highest of which induced ejaculation in 100% of the PSD rats. This was significantly higher than the 30% in the control. Although testosterone exerts motivational effects on male sexual behavior, our data shows that testosterone levels were lower after the PSD period in saline and in the 64 mg/kg MA groups, which present ejaculation at different rates (20% and 100%, respectively). Progesterone levels were significantly higher in PSD-saline in relation to control group and in the 16 and 64 mg/kg of MA groups compared to the other doses. Since PSD induces dopaminergic alterations and dopamine (DA) has a key role in male sexual behavior, plasma DA was also measured. the DA concentration was enhanced in all PSD groups compared with their control group. the mechanism that activates steroid hormones may represent an important physiological effect through which neurotransmitters can affect behavioral events. These data show that MA facilitates ejaculation in PSD rats, however, further studies need to be carried out in order to clarify the hormonal-neurochemical mechanisms involved. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0006-8993
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