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Title: Temporomandibular joint and masticatory muscle involvement in myotonic dystrophy: A study by magnetic resonance imaging
Authors: Zanoteli, E.
Yamashita, H. K.
Suzuki, H.
Oliveira, ASB
Gabbai, Alberto Alain [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Associacao Cirurgioes Dent Campinas
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2002
Publisher: Mosby, Inc
Citation: Oral Surgery Oral Medicine Oral Pathology Oral Radiology and Endodontics. St Louis: Mosby, Inc, v. 94, n. 2, p. 262-271, 2002.
Abstract: Objective. the purpose of this stud(y) was to evaluate the masticatory muscles and the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in myotonic dystrophy (MD) patients.Study design. MRI of the masticatory muscles and TMJ was performed in 15 MD patients, 11 male and 4 female, aged 16 to 53 years (mean, 31 years). Many of them had dental malocclusion, especially Angle class III and anterior open bite, and 3 complained of recurrent TMJ dislocation. TMJ and masticatory muscle pain was not observed, and joint sounds were noted in only I patient.Results. the analysis of MRI scans showed masticatory muscle involvement in 13 patients (86.6%). in , the involvement was moderate to intense. the main abnormalities observed were increased intramuscular tissue signal on T1 (fatty infiltration) and volumetric reduction of muscles. Regarding the TMJ, articular disk displacement was seen in only 1 patient, but abnormalities of disk shape were common. Mild bone abnormalities were frequently observed, including changes of shape and contour of bone surface, and sclerosis of bone marrow. in 4 patients the condyle moved anterior to the eminence with the mouth opened fully (condylar hyperexcursion).Conclusions. This study shows that masticatory muscles are frequently and intensively affected in MD patients. Bone changes are the most consistent abnormalities observed in the TMJ. It is possible that remodeling is caused by biomechanical changes in the jaw as a result of masticatory muscle involvement.
ISSN: 1079-2104
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