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Title: Endogenous accumulation of IFN-gamma in IFN-gamma-R-/- mice increases resistance to B16F10-Nex2 murine melanoma: a model for direct IFN-gamma anti-tumor cytotoxicity in vitro and in vivo
Authors: Rodrigues, E. G.
Travassos, L. R.
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: interferon gamma
IFN-gamma-R-/- mice
murine melanoma
tumor cytotoxicity
tumor resistance
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2002
Publisher: Taylor & Francis As
Citation: Cytokines Cellular & Molecular Therapy. Oslo: Taylor & Francis As, v. 7, n. 3, p. 107-116, 2002.
Abstract: Syngeneic IFN-gamma - / - and IRF-1 - / - mice are very sensitive to B16F10-Nex2 murine melanoma cells implanted subcutaneously. in contrast, IFN-gamma-R - / - (GRKO) mice are remarkably resistant to tumor development. Only 0-30% of these animals, challenged with a high dose of melanoma cells (5x10 5 ), developed tumors at a late stage. the hypothesis of interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) accumulation and consequent cytotoxicity to implanted tumor cells was confirmed in vitro and ex vivo . IFN-gamma reduced tumor-cell growth in vitro in 60-81%, added alone or with LPS. Splenocytes and peritoneal macrophages from naive GRKO mice activated with anti-CD3 and interleukin-12 (IL-12), respectively, accumulated IFN-gamma at levels 10-fold those of the wild-type. Supernatants of IL-12-activated macrophages from GRKO mice were toxic to B16F10-Nex2 cells, an effect reversible by anti-IFN-gamma antibody treatment. IL-12-activated macrophages from iNOS - / - mice were still highly cytotoxic to B16F10-Nex2 cells, but IL-12-activated macrophages from IFN-gamma-deficient mice were not inhibitory. in vivo , a single injection of anti-IFN-gamma antibody 18 h after tumor-cell challenge in GRKO mice rendered all animals susceptible to B16F10-Nex2 melanoma development. No tumors developed in the untreated GRKO mice during up to 45 days of observation. This model can be useful in understanding immune responses that involve IFN-gamma as a direct cytotoxic factor.
ISSN: 1368-4736
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