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Title: Psychiatric disorder and the use of benzodiazepines: an example of the inverse care law from Brazil
Authors: De Lima, M. S.
Hotopf, M.
Mari, J. J.
Beria, J. U.
De Bastos, A. B.
Mann, A.
Univ Fed Pelotas
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Inst Psychiat
Issue Date: 1-Jun-1999
Publisher: Dr Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag
Citation: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. Darmstadt: Dr Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag, v. 34, n. 6, p. 316-322, 1999.
Abstract: Background: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Pelotas, southern Brazil, to assess the relationship between the use of benzodiazepines (BZD), minor psychiatric disorders (MPD) and social factors. Methods: A representative sample (n = 1277) was interviewed using the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) for MPD. Subjects were asked about the use of BZD in the preceding 2 weeks and were also asked for socioeconomic details. Results: A total of 152 (11.9%; 95% CI 10.1-13.7) subjects had taken psychotropic drags, with BZD being the most commonly reported (8%). the prevalence of MPD was 22.7% (95% CI 20.4-25.0): males 17.9% and females 26.5%. An inverse relationship was seen between level of income, schooling and prevalence of MPD (P < 0.001), but a positive relationship was found between income and BZD consumption (P < 0.05). Conclusions: These data suggest that the inverse care law operates in prescribing psychotropic medications for MPD.
ISSN: 0933-7954
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