Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/2578
Title: Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of low doses of mercury chloride and methylmercury chloride on human lymphocytes in vitro
Authors: Silva-Pereira, Liz Carmem
Cardoso, Plinio Cerqueira dos Santos
Leite, Daniel Silva
Bahia, Marcelo de Oliveira
Bastos, Wanderley Rodrigues
Smith, Marilia de Arruda Cardoso [UNIFESP]
Burbano, Rommel Rodríguez [UNIFESP]
Faculdade de Itaituba Departamento de Pós-Graduação
Universidade Federal do Pará Centro de Ciências Biológicas Departamento de Biologia
Universidade Federal do Pará Centro de Ciências Biológicas Departamento de Patologia
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Fundação Universidade Federal de Rondônia Departamento de Medicina Laboratório de Biogeoquímica Ambiental
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: Methylmercury
Cytotoxicity
Genotoxicity
Mitotic index
Human lymphocytes
Chromosome aberrations
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2005
Publisher: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Citation: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research. Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica, v. 38, n. 6, p. 901-907, 2005.
Abstract: Mercury is a xenobiotic metal that is a highly deleterious environmental pollutant. The biotransformation of mercury chloride (HgCl2) into methylmercury chloride (CH3HgCl) in aquatic environments is well-known and humans are exposed by consumption of contaminated fish, shellfish and algae. The objective of the present study was to determine the changes induced in vitro by two mercury compounds (HgCl2 and CH3HgCl) in cultured human lymphocytes. Short-term human leukocyte cultures from 10 healthy donors (5 females and 5 males) were set-up by adding drops of whole blood in complete medium. Cultures were separately and simultaneously treated with low doses (0.1 to 1000 µg/l) of HgCl2 and CH3HgCl and incubated at 37ºC for 48 h. Genotoxicity was assessed by chromosome aberrations and polyploid cells. Mitotic index was used as a measure of cytotoxicity. A significant increase (P < 0.05) in the relative frequency of chromosome aberrations was observed for all concentrations of CH3HgCl when compared to control, whether alone or in an evident sinergistic combination with HgCl2. The frequency of polyploid cells was also significantly increased (P < 0.05) when compared to control after exposure to all concentrations of CH3HgCl alone or in combination with HgCl2. CH3HgCl significantly decreased (P < 0.05) the mitotic index at 100 and 1000 µg/l alone, and at 1, 10, 100, and 1000 µg/l when combined with HgCl2, showing a synergistic cytotoxic effect. Our data showed that low concentrations of CH3HgCl might be cytotoxic/genotoxic. Such effects may indicate early cellular changes with possible biological consequences and should be considered in the preliminary evaluation of the risks of populations exposed in vivo to low doses of mercury.
URI: http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/2578
ISSN: 0100-879X
Other Identifiers: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-879X2005000600012
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