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Title: Alteration of cytosolic calcium induced by angiotensin II and norepinephrine in mesangial cells from diabetic rats
Authors: Hadad, Semiramis J.
Ferreira, Alice Teixeira [UNIFESP]
Oshiro, Maria EM
Neri, Rogerio
Schor, Nestor [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Issue Date: 1-Jan-1997
Publisher: Blackwell Science Inc
Citation: Kidney International. Malden: Blackwell Science Inc, v. 51, n. 1, p. 87-93, 1997.
Abstract: To evaluate functional alterations of mesangial cells induced by diabetes (DMC), we observed the changes of cytosolic calcium ([Ca](i)) in response to the vasoconstrictor agonists angiotensin II (Ang II) and norepinephrine (NOR). DMC were obtained from rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes, cultured in normal medium and identified as mesangial cells (MC) in the third subculture. [Ca](i) was measured using fura-2 as a fluorophore. Basal calcium levels (60 to 80 nM) in DMC were not different from control mesangial cells (CMC). the high glucose (30 mM) medium concentration reduced the response sf CMC and DMC to Ang II and NOR. This was not an osmotic effect since mannitol did not alter these responses. When DMC were stimulated with Ang II, a desensitized response was always observed, with a transient variation of [Ca](i) (N = 6, P < 0.05). in contrast, a non-desensitized response with a sustained pattern of [Ca](i) increases was obtained in NOR-stimulated DMC. Therefore, the present results suggest that DMC show a modified response to stimulation of the Ang II receptor, which is expressed phenotypically in culture by desensitization. Furthermore, these alterations induced by diabetes environment in MC in vivo were maintained in vitro despite a long period (similar to 5 months) in which the cells were grown in normal culture medium.
ISSN: 0085-2538
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