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|Title:||IDENTIFICATION of the EXTERNAL BRANCH of the SUPERIOR LARYNGEAL NERVE DURING THYROIDECTOMY|
|Authors:||Cernea, C. R.|
Ferraz, A. R.
Hojaij, F. C.
Marques, L. A.
Bevilacqua, R. G.
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
LUDWIG INST CANC RES
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
|Publisher:||Cahners Publ Co|
|Citation:||American Journal of Surgery. New York: Cahners Publ Co, v. 164, n. 6, p. 634-639, 1992.|
|Abstract:||Seventy-six patients underwent preoperative vocal evaluation and were randomized into 3 groups: (1) those with the superior thyroid pole dissected by the first author, with the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN) identified by means of a nerve stimulator, (2) those patients whose dissection was executed by a resident, with no nerve search, and (3) those whose dissection was undertaken by the first author, without any nerve search. Postoperative analysis consisted of voice evaluation and electromyography of the cricothyroid muscle.No lesion occurred in patients in group 1. Twenty-eight percent of patients in group 2 and 12% in group 3 experienced a complete lesion of the EBSLN (p = 0.0123). When the patients in group 1 were compared with the patients with 62 nerves corresponding to nonoperated thyroid lobes, patients in group 1 exhibited no increased risk, whereas a significantly increased hazard was evident in both groups 2 (p = 0.0002776) and 3 (p = 0.0346393).In this study, effective prevention of iatrogenic EBSLN lesions during thyroidectomies was achieved only by the intraoperative identification of the nerve with the nerve stimulator.|
|Appears in Collections:||Em verificação - Geral|
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