Mechanisms involved in calcium oxalate endocytosis by Madin-Darby canine kidney cells

Mechanisms involved in calcium oxalate endocytosis by Madin-Darby canine kidney cells

Author Campos, A.h. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Schor, Nestor Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystals adhere to and are internalized by tubular renal cells and it seems that this interaction is related (positively or negatively) to the appearance of urinary calculi. The present study analyzes a series of mechanisms possibly involved in CaOx uptake by Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. CaOx crystals were added to MDCK cell cultures and endocytosis was evaluated by polarized light microscopy. This process was inhibited by an increase in intracellular calcium by means of ionomycin (100 nM; N = 6; 43.9% inhibition; P<0.001) or thapsigargin (1 µM; N = 6; 33.3% inhibition; P<0.005) administration, and via blockade of cytoskeleton assembly by the addition of colchicine (10 µM; N = 8; 46.1% inhibition; P<0.001) or cytochalasin B (10 µM; N = 8; 34.2% inhibition; P<0.001). Furthermore, CaOx uptake was reduced when the activity of protein kinase C was inhibited by staurosporine (10 nM; N = 6; 44% inhibition; P<0.01), or that of cyclo-oxygenase by indomethacin (3 µM; N = 12; 17.2% inhibition; P<0.05); however, the uptake was unaffected by modulation of potassium channel activity with glibenclamide (3 µM; N = 6), tetraethylammonium (1 mM; N = 6) or cromakalim (1 µM; N = 6). Taken together, these data indicate that the process of CaOx internalization by renal tubular cells is similar to the endocytosis reported for other systems. These findings may be relevant to cellular phenomena involved in early stages of the formation of renal stones.
Keywords calcium oxalate
DCK cells
mechanisms of endocytosis
renal stone
Language English
Date 2000-01-01
Published in Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research. Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica, v. 33, n. 1, p. 111-118, 2000.
ISSN 0100-879X (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Extent 111-118
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-879X2000000100015
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000085031800015
SciELO ID S0100-879X2000000100015 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/882

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