Synthesis and characterization of polyarylacetylene for use in the monolithic vitreous carbon processing

Synthesis and characterization of polyarylacetylene for use in the monolithic vitreous carbon processing

Autor Oishi, Silvia Sizuka Google Scholar
Botelho, Edson Cocchieri Google Scholar
Luscombe, Christine Keiko Google Scholar
Rezende, Mirabel Cerqueira Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
University of Washington Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo In this work, polyarylacetylene (PAA) prepolymer obtained from 1,4-diethynylbenzene was evaluated as polymeric precursor of monolithic vitreous carbon (MVC). The monomer 1,4-diethynylbenzene was synthesized and the PAA prepolymer was prepared with 13, 16 and 19 wt % of nickel catalyst. The best percentage of nickel catalyst considered was 13 wt %, due to the lower molecular weight and polydispersity index and higher carbon yield. The traditional production of MVC is obtained from phenolic and poly(furfuryl alcohol) resins, which require many hours to pyrolyze due to the large quantity of gases generated. Furthermore, the porosity is hard to control using these conventional resins. Polyarylacetylene releases little volatiles due to the polyaddition reaction and the aromatic rings in PAA chain also provide a high thermal stability, therefore the heat treatment could be faster without cracking the carbon material. This would also lower the cost of fabrication of MVC, in addition to the low porosity observed, making this polymer a good matrix for MVC.
Palavra-chave Polyarylacetylene
1,4-diethynylbenzene
monolithic vitreous carbon
porosity
Idioma Inglês
Financiador Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Data de publicação 2014-10-01
Publicado em Polímeros. Associação Brasileira de Polímeros, v. 24, n. 5, p. 541-546, 2014.
ISSN 0104-1428 (Sherpa/Romeo)
Publicador Associação Brasileira de Polímeros
Extensão 541-546
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0104-1428.1623
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
SciELO S0104-14282014000500004 (estatísticas na SciELO)
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/8633

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