Early and current physical activity: relationship with intima-media thickness and metabolic variables in adulthood

Early and current physical activity: relationship with intima-media thickness and metabolic variables in adulthood

Autor Lima, Manoel C. S. Google Scholar
Barbosa, Maurício F. Google Scholar
Diniz, Tiego A. Google Scholar
Codogno, Jamile S. Google Scholar
Freitas Júnior, Ismael F. Google Scholar
Fernandes, Rômulo A. Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo Background:It is unclear whether early physical activity has a greater influence on intima-media thickness and metabolic variables than current physical activity.Objective: To analyze the relationship between current and early physical activity, metabolic variables, and intima-media thickness measures in adults.Method: The sample was composed of 55 healthy subjects of both sexes (33 men and 22 women). Total body fat and trunk fat were estimated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Carotid and femoral intima-media thickness were measured using a Doppler ultrasound device. A 12-hour fasting blood sample collection was taken (fasting glucose and lipid profile). Early physical activity was assessed through face-to-face interview, and the current physical activity was assessed by pedometer (Digi-Walker Yamax, SW200), which was used for a period of seven days.Results: Current physical activity was negatively related to total cholesterol (rho=-0.31), while early physical activity was negatively related to triglycerides (rho=-0.42), total cholesterol (rho=-0.28), very low density lipoprotein (rho=-0.44), and carotid intima-media thickness (rho=-0.50). In the multivariate model, subjects engaged in sports activities during early life had lower values of very low density lipoprotein (b=-8.74 [b=-16.1; -1.47]) and carotid intima-media thickness (b=-0.17 [95%CI: -0.28; -0.05]).Conclusion: Early 95%CI physical activity has a significant influence on carotid intima-media thickness, regardless of the current physical activity.
Palavra-chave maintenance of physical activity
physical activity
atherosclerosis
insulin resistance
movement
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 2014-10-01
Publicado em Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy. Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia , v. 18, n. 5, p. 462-469, 2014.
ISSN 1413-3555 (Sherpa/Romeo)
Publicador Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia
Extensão 462-469
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/bjpt-rbf.2014.0040
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
SciELO S1413-35552014000500462 (estatísticas na SciELO)
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/8624

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