Nonprescribed use of tranquilizers and use of other drugs among Brazilian students

Nonprescribed use of tranquilizers and use of other drugs among Brazilian students

Autor Opaleye, Emérita S. Google Scholar
Ferri, Cleusa Pinheiro Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Locatelli, Danilo P. Google Scholar
Amato, Tatiana de Castro Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Noto, Ana Regina Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo Objectives: To describe patterns of nonprescribed use of tranquilizers by students aged 10 to 18 years and assess the sociodemographic characteristics of these adolescents and their use of other substances. Methods: A randomized and stratified sample of 47,979 students from state and private schools of the 27 Brazilian state capitals completed a self-report questionnaire. Poisson regression was used to estimate the associations between tranquilizer use and sociodemographic factors, as well as the use of other psychotropic substances. Results: The lifetime prevalence of nonprescribed use of tranquilizers was 3.9%. Use was most common among girls, wealthier adolescents, and those from private schools. An association was found between use of tranquilizers and lifetime use of alcohol (prevalence ratio [PR] = 3.15; 95% confidence intervals [95%CI] 2.58-3.85), tobacco (PR = 2.61; 95%CI 2.31-2.95), illicit drugs (PR = 3.70; 95%CI 3.19-4.29), and other prescription drugs (PR = 7.03; 95%CI 6.18-7.99). As the number of substances adolescents reported having used increased, so did the nonprescribed use of tranquilizers. Conclusions: Nonprescribed use of tranquilizers by adolescents might indicate the use of other substances, including high-risk combinations such as tranquilizers and alcohol. The risks of this association should be addressed during the early stages of drug prevention programs.
Palavra-chave Adolescents
antianxiety agents
epidemiology
gender differences
psychoactive substance use disorder
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 2014-03-01
Publicado em Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria. Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP, v. 36, n. 1, p. 16-23, 2014.
ISSN 1516-4446 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Extensão 16-23
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2013-1180
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000249455200016
SciELO S1516-44462014000100016 (estatísticas na SciELO)
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/8283

Exibir registro completo




Arquivo

Nome: S1516-44462014000100016.pdf
Tamanho: 261.6KB
Formato: PDF
Descrição:
Abrir arquivo

Este item está nas seguintes coleções

Buscar


Navegar

Minha conta