Sexual abuse and alcohol use among women in metropolitan São Paulo, Brazil: a general population study

Sexual abuse and alcohol use among women in metropolitan São Paulo, Brazil: a general population study

Alternative title Abuso sexual e uso de alcool entre mulheres na regiao metropolitana de São Paulo, Brasil: um estudo em populacao geral
Author Oliveira, Janaina Barbosa De Google Scholar
Kerr-correa, Florence Google Scholar
Lima, Maria Cristina Pereira Google Scholar
Bertolote, Jose Manoel Google Scholar
Tucci, Adriana Marcassa Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract OBJECTIVE:The present study aimed at estimating the prevalence of lifetime sexual abuse among women and at investigating its association with alcohol consumption.METHOD:Population-based survey conducted through a representative and stratified cluster sample of metropolitan São Paulo. GENACIS questionnaire was used. Sample unit was the home, and all residents aged 18 years and over were interviewed. The outcome was lifetime sexual abuse. The univariate statistical analysis used the Rao-Scott test. Logistic regression was used for the multivariate analysis.RESULTS:The final sample totalized 1,216 women aged 18 years and over; the response rate was 75.0%. Most women were married (56.6%) and had less than 12 years of formal education (59.0%); 46.2% were aged between 25 and 44 years, and 44.4% had a low income. Of the respondents, 7.5% reported having suffered lifetime sexual abuse. Multiple logistic regression model showed an association between lifetime sexual abuse and being a heavy drinker (OR = 4.97) and being a former drinker (OR = 2.04).CONCLUSIONS:There are few population studies in Brazil investigating sexual abuse and its relation to alcohol use. Although the prevalence of lifetime sexual abuse in the present study was smaller than that observed in other studies, it is a highly expressive percentage on account of its social and economic impact, as well as its potential effect on the health system.
Keywords Sexual violence
Alcoholic beverages
Women
Cross-sectional survey
Brazil
Language English
Date 2013-12-01
Published in Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia. Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva, v. 16, n. 4, p. 817-825, 2013.
ISSN 1415-790X (Sherpa/Romeo)
Publisher Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Extent 817-825
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-790X2013000400002
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
SciELO ID S1415-790X2013000400817 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/8083

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