Higher prevalence of major depressive symptoms in Brazilians aged 14 and older

Higher prevalence of major depressive symptoms in Brazilians aged 14 and older

Author Coelho, Cassiano L.s. Google Scholar
Crippa, José Alexandre de Souza Google Scholar
Santos, Jair L.f. Google Scholar
Pinsky, Ilana Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Zaleski, Marcos Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Caetano, Raul Google Scholar
Laranjeira, Ronaldo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
National Science and Technology Institute for Translational Medicine (INCT-TM)
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC) Department of Psychiatry
University of Texas School of Public Health Dallas Regional Campus
Abstract Objective: Depression is a highly prevalent condition and is considered a major public health issue. The aim of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms in the Brazilian population and establish their sociodemographic correlates. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted between November 2005 and April 2006. Data were collected in face-to-face interviews using a standardized questionnaire. The sample consisted of 3,007 interviews with individuals aged 14 years and older and followed a probabilistic design covering the Brazilian national territory. Depressive symptoms were assessed according to the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Results: The observed prevalence of depressive symptoms was 28.3% (13% mild/moderate; 15.3% major/severe; p < 0.01). Increased depressive symptom rates were associated with being a female, being 45 years of age and older, having lower educational attainment, being single, having family income of up to 2.5 times minimum wage, and living in the northern region of Brazil (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The prevalence of depressive symptoms in Brazil is high, with major depressive symptoms being the most frequent form of this symptomatology. Considering the biopsychosocial model of mental disorders, this survey points to the involvement of psychosocial factors in the prevalence of depressive symptoms in Brazil.
Keywords Mood disorders
unipolar
community mental health
epidemiology
statistics
other research areas
Language English
Date 2013-04-01
Published in Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria. Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP, v. 35, n. 2, p. 142-149, 2013.
ISSN 1516-4446 (Sherpa/Romeo)
Publisher Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Extent 142-149
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2012-0875
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
SciELO ID S1516-44462013000200142 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/7687

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