Higher prevalence of major depressive symptoms in Brazilians aged 14 and older

Higher prevalence of major depressive symptoms in Brazilians aged 14 and older

Autor Coelho, Cassiano L.s. Google Scholar
Crippa, José Alexandre de Souza Google Scholar
Santos, Jair L.f. Google Scholar
Pinsky, Ilana Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Zaleski, Marcos Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Caetano, Raul Google Scholar
Laranjeira, Ronaldo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
National Science and Technology Institute for Translational Medicine (INCT-TM)
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC) Department of Psychiatry
University of Texas School of Public Health Dallas Regional Campus
Resumo Objective: Depression is a highly prevalent condition and is considered a major public health issue. The aim of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms in the Brazilian population and establish their sociodemographic correlates. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted between November 2005 and April 2006. Data were collected in face-to-face interviews using a standardized questionnaire. The sample consisted of 3,007 interviews with individuals aged 14 years and older and followed a probabilistic design covering the Brazilian national territory. Depressive symptoms were assessed according to the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Results: The observed prevalence of depressive symptoms was 28.3% (13% mild/moderate; 15.3% major/severe; p < 0.01). Increased depressive symptom rates were associated with being a female, being 45 years of age and older, having lower educational attainment, being single, having family income of up to 2.5 times minimum wage, and living in the northern region of Brazil (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The prevalence of depressive symptoms in Brazil is high, with major depressive symptoms being the most frequent form of this symptomatology. Considering the biopsychosocial model of mental disorders, this survey points to the involvement of psychosocial factors in the prevalence of depressive symptoms in Brazil.
Palavra-chave Mood disorders
unipolar
community mental health
epidemiology
statistics
other research areas
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 2013-04-01
Publicado em Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria. Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP, v. 35, n. 2, p. 142-149, 2013.
ISSN 1516-4446 (Sherpa/Romeo)
Publicador Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Extensão 142-149
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2012-0875
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
SciELO S1516-44462013000200142 (estatísticas na SciELO)
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/7687

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