Bipolar disorder and metabolic syndrome: a systematic review

Bipolar disorder and metabolic syndrome: a systematic review

Autor Czepielewski, Letícia Google Scholar
Daruy Filho, Ledo Google Scholar
Brietzke, Elisa Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Grassi-oliveira, Rodrigo Google Scholar
Instituição Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Research Group
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo OBJECTIVE: Summarize data on metabolic syndrome (MS) in bipolar disorder (BD). METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted using the Medline, Embase and PsycInfo databases, using the keywords metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance and metabolic X syndrome and cross-referencing them with bipolar disorder or mania. The following types of publications were candidates for review: (i) clinical trials, (ii) studies involving patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder or (iii) data about metabolic syndrome. A 5-point quality scale was used to assess the methodological weight of the studies. RESULTS: Thirty-nine articles were selected. None of studies reached the maximum quality score of 5 points. The prevalence of MS was significantly higher in BD individuals when compared to a control group. The analysis of MS subcomponents showed that abdominal obesity was heterogeneous. Individuals with BD had significantly higher rates of hypertriglyceridemia than healthy controls. When compared to the general population, there were no significant differences in the prevalence of low HDL-c in individuals with BD. Data on hypertension were also inconclusive. Rates of hyperglycemia were significantly greater in patients with BD compared to the general population. CONCLUSIONS: The overall results point to the presence of an association between BD and MS, as well as between their subcomponents.
Palavra-chave Bipolar Disorder
Cholesterol
Glucose
Insulin
Metabolic Syndrome
Mood Disorders
Triglycerides
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 2013-03-01
Publicado em Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria. Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP, v. 35, n. 1, p. 88-93, 2013.
ISSN 1516-4446 (Sherpa/Romeo)
Publicador Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Extensão 88-93
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rbp.2012.00.000
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
SciELO S1516-44462013000100016 (estatísticas na SciELO)
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/7644

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