Passive body heating improves sleep patterns in female patients with fibromyalgia

Passive body heating improves sleep patterns in female patients with fibromyalgia

Author Silva, Andressa Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Queiroz, Sandra Souza de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Andersen, Monica Levy Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mônico-Neto, Marcos Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Campos, Raquel Munhoz da Silveira Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Roizenblatt, Suely Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Tufik, Sergio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mello, Marco Tulio de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Centro de Estudos em Psicobiologia e Exercício
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of passive body heating on the sleep patterns of patients with fibromyalgia. METHODS: Six menopausal women diagnosed with fibromyalgia according to the criteria determined by the American College of Rheumatology were included. All women underwent passive immersion in a warm bath at a temperature of 36 ±1 °C for 15 sessions of 30 minutes each over a period of three weeks. Their sleep patterns were assessed by polysomnography at the following time-points: pre-intervention (baseline), the first day of the intervention (acute), the last day of the intervention (chronic), and three weeks after the end of the intervention (follow-up). Core body temperature was evaluated by a thermistor pill during the baseline, acute, chronic, and follow-up periods. The impact of this treatment on fibromyalgia was assessed via a specific questionnaire termed the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire. RESULTS: Sleep latency, rapid eye movement sleep latency and slow wave sleep were significantly reduced in the chronic and acute conditions compared with baseline. Sleep efficiency was significantly increased during the chronic condition, and the awakening index was reduced at the chronic and follow-up time points relative to the baseline values. No significant differences were observed in total sleep time, time in sleep stages 1 or 2 or rapid eye movement sleep percentage. The core body temperature and Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire responses did not significantly change over the course of the study. CONCLUSION: Passive body heating had a positive effect on the sleep patterns of women with fibromyalgia.
Keywords Fibromyalgia
Balneotherapy
Sleep
Pain
Body Temperature
Language English
Sponsor Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Grant number 98/14303-3 e 07/56620-6 e 09/13881-0
Date 2013-01-01
Published in Clinics. Faculdade de Medicina / USP, v. 68, n. 2, p. 135-140, 2013.
ISSN 1807-5932 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Extent 135-140
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/CLINICS/2013(02)OA03
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000316764000003
SciELO ID S1807-59322013000200003 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/7578

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