Use of psychoactive substances by adolescents: current panorama

Use of psychoactive substances by adolescents: current panorama

Autor Lopes, Gabriel M. Google Scholar
Nobrega, Brunno Araujo Google Scholar
Del Prette, Giovana Google Scholar
Scivoletto, Sandra Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo Adolescence is a period of vulnerability to substance use disorders (SUDs). Epidemiological studies indicate that about 23% of Brazilian adolescents use drugs, with alcohol being the most widely consumed substance. The etiology of SUDs is complex, influenced by an interaction of genetic risk, individual development, environmental factors, context of use, and substance used. Clinicians should consider diagnostic criteria and be aware of behavioral changes that may indicate drug use and its consequences in various aspects of adolescent life. Identification and treatment of comorbid conditions is critical to the management of SUDs in this age group. Interventions should restrict access to drugs and facilitate prompt recognition of initial use, preventing progression to serious patterns of abuse or dependence. Intervention should be broad, including academic and occupational activities as well as social relationships and leisure, which are critical to the reestablishment of normal adolescent development.
Palavra-chave Substance use
substance-related disorders
adolescent
adolescent behavior
therapeutics
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 2013-01-01
Publicado em Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria. Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP, v. 35, p. S51-S61, 2013.
ISSN 1516-4446 (Sherpa/Romeo)
Publicador Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Extensão S51-S61
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2013-S105
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
SciELO S1516-44462013000500007 (estatísticas na SciELO)
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/7544

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