Human coronavirus ocurrence in different populations of São Paulo: a comprehensive nine-year study using a pancoronavirus RT-PCR assay

Human coronavirus ocurrence in different populations of São Paulo: a comprehensive nine-year study using a pancoronavirus RT-PCR assay

Autor Cabeça, Tatiane Karen Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Passos, Ana Maria Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Granato, Celso Francisco Hernandes Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Bellei, Nancy Cristina Junqueira Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo Human coronaviruses (HCoVs) are considered one of the most common respiratory viruses associated with respiratory tract illnesses. An emergent human coronavirus was identified as the causal agent of an epidemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) during 2002-2003. The severity of the disease combined with its rapid spread requires the continuous surveillance of coronaviruses in worldwide populations. Epidemiological and clinical data of HCoVs infectious in the Brazilian population are scarce and restricted to one or two groups of patients. Our study aimed to investigate retrospectively the presence of HCoVs in different populations of São Paulo presenting acute respiratory tract infections (ARIs) during the years of 2001-2010. A pancoronavirus RT-PCR was performed in this study. Coronaviruses were detected in 126 (11.5%) of 1,087 specimens. Peaks detection frequency was observed during 2002-2004 and 2008-2009, with the highest detection in 2008. The prevalence of HCoVs was higher among children with heart diseases (24.6%), patients under stem cell transplantation program (24.3%) and renal transplanted patients (20.2%). Coryza, cough and fever were the most common symptoms at presentation of positive cases and wheezing, a lower respiratory tract infection symptom was reported by 12% of the total, and 27% of high at-risk patients. HCoVs may have an important role among patients with underlying conditions and transplanted ones.
Palavra-chave human coronaviruses
respiratory tract illness
pancoronavirus RT-PCR
Idioma Inglês
Financiador Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Data de publicação 2013-01-01
Publicado em Brazilian Journal of Microbiology. Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia, v. 44, n. 1, p. 335-339, 2013.
ISSN 1517-8382 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Extensão 335-339
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000323575600049
SciELO S1517-83822013000100049 (estatísticas na SciELO)
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