Autism spectrum disorders: an overview on diagnosis and treatment

Autism spectrum disorders: an overview on diagnosis and treatment

Autor Brentani, Helena Google Scholar
Paula, Cristiane Silvestre de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Bordini, Daniela Google Scholar
Rolim, Deborah Google Scholar
Sato, Fabio Google Scholar
Portolese, Joana Google Scholar
Pacifico, Maria Clara Google Scholar
Mccracken, James T. Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie Health and Biological Science Center Graduate Program in Development Disorders
University of California Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences
Resumo Pervasive developmental disorders are now commonly referred to as autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). ASDs present with a range of severity and impairments, and often are a cause of severe disability, representing a major public health concern. The diagnostic criteria require delays or abnormal functioning in social interaction, language, and/or imaginative play within the first 3 years of life, resulting in a deviation from the developmental pattern expected for the age. Because establishing a diagnosis of ASD is possible as early as 18-24 months of age, clinicians should strive to identify and begin intervention in children with ASD as soon as signs are manifest. Increasing efforts are underway to make ASD screening universal in pediatric healthcare. Given the crucial importance of early identification and multiple modalities of treatment for ASD, this review will summarize the diagnostic criteria, key areas for assessment by clinicians, specific scales and instruments for assessment, and discussion of evidence-based treatment programs and the role of specific drug therapies for symptom management.
Palavra-chave Autistic disorder
pervasive development disorders
diagnosis, treatment
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 2013-01-01
Publicado em Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria. Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP, v. 35, p. S62-S72, 2013.
ISSN 1516-4446 (Sherpa/Romeo)
Publicador Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Extensão S62-S72
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2013-S104
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
SciELO S1516-44462013000500008 (estatísticas na SciELO)
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/7512

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