Levels of processing: the evolution of a framework

Levels of processing: the evolution of a framework

Autor Ekuni, Roberta Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Vaz, Leonardo José Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Bueno, Orlando Francisco Amodeo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo Although the levels of processing framework have evolved over its nearly 40 years of existence, the essence of the idea has not changed from the original. The original article published in 1972 suggests that in the encoding stage of a stimulus, there is a series of processing hierarchies ranging from the shallowest level (perceptual processing-the subject initially perceives the physical and sensory characteristics of the stimulus) to the deepest level (semantic processing-related to pattern recognition and extraction of meaning). The depth processing is associated with high levels of retention and long-term memory traces. After extensive research and criticism, the authors added several concepts that aided in a better understanding of levels of processing framework and the items that subjects can recall such as transfer-appropriate processing and robust encoding. However, there are still some gaps in this framework that call for new scientific investigations, ranging from experimental paradigms with lists of words with healthy or pathological conditions subject to neuroimaging studies to confirm, refute or improve the framework. The aim of this article is to review the publications (articles and book chapters) dating from the original article to the present day to better understand the mnemonic process in terms of levels of processing and to highlight some of its contributions.
Palavra-chave levels of processing
memory
cognition
Idioma Inglês
Financiador Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Data de publicação 2011-12-01
Publicado em Psychology & Neuroscience. Pontificia Universidade Católica do Rio de JaneiroUniversidade de BrasíliaUniversidade de São Paulo, v. 4, n. 3, p. 333-339, 2011.
ISSN 1983-3288 (Sherpa/Romeo)
Publicador Pontificia Universidade Católica do Rio de JaneiroUniversidade de BrasíliaUniversidade de São Paulo
Extensão 333-339
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.3922/j.psns.2011.3.006
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
SciELO S1983-32882011000300006 (estatísticas na SciELO)
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/6719

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