Negative addiction to exercise: are there differences between genders?

Negative addiction to exercise: are there differences between genders?

Autor Modolo, Vladimir Bonilha Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Antunes, Hanna Karen Moreira Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Gimenez, Paula Regina Borba de Google Scholar
Santiago, Marisa Lucia de Mello Google Scholar
Tufik, Sergio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mello, Marco Tulio de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Centro de Estudos em Psicobiologia e Exercício
Resumo INTRODUCTION: Regular physical exercise has numerous benefits. However, there is a subset of the exercising population who may develop a compulsion to exercise excessively and who may, as a consequence, display physiological and psychological changes that have a direct influence on their quality of life. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine if there are differences between male and female athletes' scores on measures of negative addiction symptoms, quality of life, mood and sleep. METHODS: 144 female and 156 male athletes participated in this study by answering the following questionnaires: Negative Addiction Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, Trait Anxiety Inventory, Profile of Mood States, SF-36 Quality of Life, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality and Epworth Sleepiness Scale. RESULTS: Higher dedication to training sessions in the male group, and members of the female group with symptoms of negative addiction to exercise showed a lower score on vigor observed by the Profile of Mood States compared to the males in both situations. We also observed depression symptoms in both members of groups who had negative addiction symptoms when compared with their peers without symptoms, and these figures were even higher in females compared with the male group in the same situation. CONCLUSION: No differences were seen in the development of negative addiction exercise symptoms in males and females and there were no changes in the quality of life and mood of these athletes. Further studies of eating disorders associated with changes in body image perception could contribute to a better understanding of negative addiction to exercise.
Assunto Exercise Dependence
Compulsion
Well-being
Body Image
Physical Exercise
Idioma Inglês
Financiador Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
Data 2011-01-01
Publicado em Clinics. Faculdade de Medicina / USP, v. 66, n. 2, p. 255-260, 2011.
ISSN 1807-5932 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Editor Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Extensão 255-260
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1807-59322011000200013
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000289365200013
SciELO S1807-59322011000200013 (estatísticas na SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/6199

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