Knowledge and attitudes of health care workers from intensive care units regarding nosocomial transmission of influenza: a study on the immediate pre-pandemic period

Knowledge and attitudes of health care workers from intensive care units regarding nosocomial transmission of influenza: a study on the immediate pre-pandemic period

Autor Fortaleza, Cristiane Ravagnani Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Fortaleza, Carlos Magno Castelo Branco Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Resumo The transmission of influenza in health care settings is a major threat to patients, especially those with severe diseases. The attitude of health care workers (HCWs) may influence the transmission of countless infections. The current study aimed to quantify knowledge and identify attitudes of HCWs involved in intensive care units (ICUs) regarding the risk of nosocomial influenza transmission. A questionnaire was applied through interviews to HCWs who worked in one of the five ICUs from a teaching hospital. Questions about influenza were deliberately dispersed among others that assessed several infectious agents. Forty-two HCWs were interviewed: nine physicians, ten nurses and 23 nursing technicians or auxiliaries. Among the 42 HCWs, 98% were aware of the potential transmission of influenza virus in the ICUs, but only 31% would indicate droplet precautions for patients with suspected infection. Moreover, only 31% of them had been vaccinated against influenza in the last campaign (2008). Nursing technicians or auxiliaries were more likely to have been vaccinated, both by univariate and multivariable analysis. When asked about absenteeism, only 10% of the study subjects stated that they would not go to work if they had an influenza-like illness. Those findings suggest that, in non-pandemic periods, influenza control in hospitals requires strategies that combine continuous education with changes in organizational culture.
Palavra-chave influenza
health care-acquired infections
health care workers
intensive care units
vaccination
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 2011-01-01
Publicado em Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases. Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos - CEVAP, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP, v. 17, n. 2, p. 168-175, 2011.
ISSN 1678-9199 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos - CEVAP, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP
Extensão 168-175
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-91992011000200007
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000290866500007
SciELO S1678-91992011000200007 (estatísticas na SciELO)
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/6171

Exibir registro completo




Arquivo

Nome: S1678-91992011000200007.pdf
Tamanho: 458.4KB
Formato: PDF
Descrição:
Abrir arquivo

Este item está nas seguintes coleções

Buscar


Navegar

Minha conta