DNA methylation landscape of hepatoblastomas reveals arrest at early stages of liver differentiation and cancer-related alterations

DNA methylation landscape of hepatoblastomas reveals arrest at early stages of liver differentiation and cancer-related alterations

Author Maschietto, Mariana Google Scholar
Rodrigues, Tatiane Cristina Google Scholar
Kashiwabara, Andre Yoshiaki Google Scholar
Souza de Araujo, Erica Sara Google Scholar
Marques Aguiar, Talita Ferreira Google Scholar
Lima da Costa, Cecilia Maria Google Scholar
da Cunha, Isabela Werneck Google Scholar
Vasques, Luciana dos Reis Google Scholar
Cypriano, Monica Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Brentani, Helena Google Scholar
Caminada de Toledo, Silvia Regina Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Pearson, Peter Lees Google Scholar
Carraro, Dirce Maria Google Scholar
Rosenberg, Carla Google Scholar
Krepischi, Ana C. V. Google Scholar
Abstract Hepatoblastomas are uncommon embryonal liver tumors accounting for approximately 80% of childhood hepatic cancer. We hypothesized that epigenetic changes, including DNA methylation, could be relevant to hepatoblastoma onset. The methylomes of eight matched hepatoblastomas and non-tumoral liver tissues were characterized, and data were validated in an independent group (11 hepatoblastomas). In comparison to differentiated livers, hepatoblastomas exhibited a widespread and non-stochastic pattern of global low-level hypomethylation. The analysis revealed 1,359 differentially methylated CpG sites (DMSs) between hepatoblastomas and control livers, which are associated with 765 genes. Hypomethylation was detected in hepatoblastomas for similar to 58% of the DMSs with enrichment at intergenic sites, and most of the hypermethylated CpGs were located in CpG islands. Functional analyses revealed enrichment in signaling pathways involved in metabolism, negative regulation of cell differentiation, liver development, cancer, and Wnt signaling pathway. Strikingly, an important overlap was observed between the 1,359 DMSs and the CpG sites reported to exhibit methylation changes through liver development (p<0.0001), with similar patterns of methylation in both hepatoblastomas and fetal livers compared to adult livers. Overall, our results suggest an arrest at early stages of liver cell differentiation, in line with the hypothesis that hepatoblastoma ontogeny involves the disruption of liver development. This genome-wide methylation dysfunction, taken together with a relatively small number of driver genetic mutations reported for both adult and pediatric liver cancers, shed light on the relevance of epigenetic mechanisms for hepatic tumorigenesis.
Keywords DNA methylation
embryonal tumor
hypomethylation
cell differentiation arrest
hepatoblastoma
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Orchard Park
Language English
Sponsor FAPESP
CNPq
Grant number FAPESP: 2009/00898-1
FAPESP: 2011/24007-9
FAPESP: 2013/08028-1
FAPESP: 2016/04785-0
FAPESP: 2015/06281-7
CNPq: 470446_2013-7
Date 2017
Published in Oncotarget. Orchard Park, v. 8, n. 58, p. 97871-97889, 2017.
ISSN 1949-2553 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Impact Journals Llc
Extent 97871-97889
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.14208
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000419392300015
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/58165

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