Prevalence and Correlates of Elder Abuse in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro

Prevalence and Correlates of Elder Abuse in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro

Author Blay, Sergio L. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Laks, Jerson Google Scholar
Marinho, Valeska Google Scholar
Figueira, Ivan Google Scholar
Maia, Deborah Google Scholar
Coutinho, Evandro S. F. Google Scholar
Quintana, Ines M. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mello, Marcelo F. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Bressan, Rodrigo A. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mari, Jair J. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Andreoli, Sergio B. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of elder abuse and to investigate potential sociodemographic, health behavior, and medical correlates. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data were collected in face-to-face assessments. SETTING: Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 60 to 75. MEASUREMENTS: Information on elder abuse was obtained using the Brazil-adapted, nine-item Hwalek-Sengstock Elder Abuse Screening Test. Sampling design-adjusted descriptive statistics and logistic regression were used in analyses. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of abuse was 14.4% (n = 46/259, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 9.82-20.61) in Sao Paulo and 13.3% (n = 27/197, 95% CI = 8.76-19.74) in Rio de Janeiro. Unadjusted analyses indicated that poor education, low physical activity, unemployment, heart disease, and psychiatric problems were associated with abuse, but in adjusted analyses, self-reported elder abuse was significantly associated only with psychiatric problems (Sao Paulo: OR = 4.48, 95% CI = 1.75-11.45; Rio de Janeiro: OR = 21.61, 95% CI = 6.39-73.14). CONCLUSION: Elder abuse is prevalent in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, but whether concomitants of abuse are cause, effect, or both is unclear because this was a cross-sectional study. These findings highlight the importance of the problem, as well as the need to develop measures to increase awareness, facilitate prevention, and fight against abuse of elderly adults .
Keywords abuse
mistreatment
health
Brazil
violence
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Hoboken
Language English
Sponsor State of Sao Paulo Funding Agency
National Research Council (CNPq)
National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico)
Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo [16/02246-5]
Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES)
Fundacao de Apoio a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (Cientista do Nosso Estado)
Grant number FAPESP: 2004/15039-0
CNPq: 420122/2005-2
CNPq: 305274/2014-7, 2 302107/2016-9, 1 A, CNPq-2
FAPESP: 16/02246-5
FAPERJ: E-26/103.369/2012
Date 2017
Published in Journal Of The American Geriatrics Society. Hoboken, v. 65, n. 12, p. 2634-2638, 2017.
ISSN 0002-8614 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Wiley
Extent 2634-2638
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jgs.15106
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000417836200014
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/58081

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