Exercise training improves hypertension-induced autonomic dysfunction without influencing properties of peripheral cardiac vagus nerve

Exercise training improves hypertension-induced autonomic dysfunction without influencing properties of peripheral cardiac vagus nerve

Author Neto, Octavio Barbosa Google Scholar
de Sordi, Carla Cristina Google Scholar
da Mota, Gustavo Ribeiro Google Scholar
Marocolo, Moacir Google Scholar
Chriguer, Rosangela Soares Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Dias da Silva, Valdo Jose Google Scholar
Abstract We examined the vagal transfer function of autonomic heart rate (HR) control in anesthetized sedentary and exercise-trained Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHR). To this end, male SHR and Wystar-Kyoto (WKY) rats with 48-50 weeks of age-old were divided into 4 groups: sedentary (SHRS, n = 12) and trained (SHRT, n = 14) hypertensive rats, sedentary (WKYS, n = 13) and trained (WKYT, n = 13) normotensive rats. The trained groups were submitted to swimming protocol for 9 weeks. Blood pressure (BP), HR, HR variability (HRV), BP variability (BPV), baroreflex sensitivity and cardiac tonus were recorded in baseline conditions. Following, electric stimulation of peripheral vagus nerve was performed in anesthetized conditions. Resting bradycardia was observed in SHRT and WKYT when compared to their respective sedentary groups (p < 0.001). The BP was lower in SHRT than in SHRS (p < 0.001). The SHRT and WKYT rats showed higher baroreflex-mediated tachycardia values when compared to their respective sedentary counterparts (p < 0.001). Baroreflex bradycardic response in SHRT was higher than in SHRS (p < 0.005). The SHRT and WKYT rats showed a decreased sympathetic activity in comparison to their respective sedentary groups (p < 0.05). The cardiac vagal tonus was higher in SHRT than in SHRS (p < 0.05). Regarding the dynamic transducer properties of peripheral vagus nerve to the heart no difference was observed among the groups. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that exercise training decreased BP in SHR and improved cardiovascular autonomic balance to the heart without changes in transduction properties of peripheral cardiac vagus nerve.
Keywords Autonomic dysfunction
Exercise training
Vagal efferent nerve
Hypertension
Cardiac autonomic control
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Amsterdam
Language English
Sponsor Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro
Date 2017
Published in Autonomic Neuroscience-Basic & Clinical. Amsterdam, v. 208, p. 66-72, 2017.
ISSN 1566-0702 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier Science Bv
Extent 66-72
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.autneu.2017.09.012
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000423642600008
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/58048

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