Evaluation of bacterial diversity recovered from petroleum samples using different physical matrices

Evaluation of bacterial diversity recovered from petroleum samples using different physical matrices

Author Dellagnezze, Bruna Martins Google Scholar
de Vasconcellos, Suzan Pantaroto Google Scholar
de Melo, Itamar Soares Google Scholar
dos Santos Neto, Eugenio Vaz Google Scholar
de Oliveira, Valeria Maia Google Scholar
Abstract Unraveling the microbial diversity and its complexity in petroleum reservoir environments has been a challenge throughout the years. Despite the techniques developed in order to improve methodologies involving DNA extraction from crude oil, microbial enrichments using different culture conditions can be applied as a way to increase the recovery of DNA from environments with low cellular density for further microbiological analyses. This work aimed at the evaluation of different matrices (arenite, shale and polyurethane foam) as support materials for microbial growth and biofilm formation in enrichments using a biodegraded petroleum sample as inoculum in sulfate reducing condition. Subsequent microbial diversity characterization was carried out using Scanning Electronic Microscopy (SEM), Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE) and 16S rRNA gene libraries in order to compare the microbial biomass yield, DNA recovery efficiency and diversity among the enrichments. The DNA from microbial communities in petroleum enrichments was purified according to a protocol established in this work and used for 16S rRNA amplification with bacterial generic primers. The PCR products were cloned, and positive clones were screened by Amplified Ribosomal DNA Restriction Analysis (ARDRA). Sequencing and phylogenetic analyses revealed that the bacterial community was mostly represented by members of the genera Petrotoga, Bacillus, Pseudomonas, Geobacillus and Rahnella. The use of different support materials in the enrichments yielded an increase in microbial biomass and biofilm formation, indicating that these materials may be employed for efficient biomass recovery from petroleum reservoir samples. Nonetheless, the most diverse microbiota were recovered from the biodegraded petroleum sample using polyurethane foam cubes as support material. (C) 2016 Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license
Keywords Bacterial diversity
Microbial enrichment
Petroleum reservoir
Physical support
16S rRNA
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Sao Paulo
Language English
Date 2016
Published in Brazilian Journal Of Microbiology. Sao Paulo, v. 47, n. 3, p. 712-723, 2016.
ISSN 1517-8382 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Soc Brasileira Microbiologia
Extent 712-723
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjm.2016.04.004
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000381101200026
SciELO ID S1517-83822016000300712 (statistics in SciELO)
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/57647

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