Effectiveness of a 16-month multicomponent and environmental schoolbased intervention for recovery of poor income overweight/obese children and adolescents: study protocol of the health multipliers program

Effectiveness of a 16-month multicomponent and environmental schoolbased intervention for recovery of poor income overweight/obese children and adolescents: study protocol of the health multipliers program

Author Patriota, Pollyanna Fernandes Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Filgueiras, Andrea Rocha Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Pires de Almeida, Viviane Belucci Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Costa Alexmovitz, Guilherme Aparecido Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
da Silva, Carlos Eduardo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Feres de Carvalho, Vivian Fortuna Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Carvalho, Natalia Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
de Albuquerque, Maria Paula Google Scholar
Alvares Domene, Semiramis Martins Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
do Prado, Wagner Luiz Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Salazar Torres, Gustavo Enrique Google Scholar
Reis de Oliveira, Ana Paula Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Sesso, Ricardo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Sawaya, Ana Lydia Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Background: Excess of weight is a serious public health concern in almost all countries, afflicting people of different ages and socioeconomic backgrounds. Studies have indicated the need for developing treatment strategies that intervene directly in the obesogenic environment. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a multi-component and environmental school-based intervention, lasting 16 months, on the recovery of the nutritional status of lowincome children and adolescents with overweight/obesity. Methods/study design: The study was conducted by the Center for Recovery and Nutritional Education (CREN) in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Two schools located in poor neighborhoods were selected for the intervention, between March 2016 and June 2017. The participants were all students aged 8 to 12 years fromthe two participating schools. At the beginning of the intervention, anthropometric measurements were carried out to assess the nutritional status of the students. For convenience, students from one of the schools were considered as the control group, while those from the other school formed the experimental group. The intervention in the experimental group (n = 438) consists of the following weekly activities at school: psychological counseling in groups, theoretical/practical nutrition workshops, and supervised physical education classes. In addition, theoretical and practical educational activities are held regularly for parents, teachers, and cooks. Students with excess of weight (>= 1 body mass index [BMI] - for-age Z score, n = 138) received clinical and nutritional care periodically at the outpatient care at CREN. Students enrolled in the control group (n = 353) participated in psychological counseling groups and theoretical/practical nutrition workshops for 6 months held in the school environment to provide motivation to entire classrooms. In the following 10 months, students with excess of weight from the control group (n = 125) were invited to attend the routine outpatient care at CREN. Discussion: This study is the first to assess the effectiveness of a multi-component and environmental school-based intervention for the recovery of low-income, overweight/obese children and adolescents. If positive, the results demonstrate the feasibility for the recovery of excess of weight in populations of similar conditions and age.
Keywords Obesity
Nutrition education
Weight reduction programs
Clinical trials
Study protocol
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage London
Language English
Sponsor Sao Paulo State Research Foundation (FAPESP)
National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq)
Coordination for Improvement of Graduate Students (CAPES)
Grant number FAPESP: 2014/22351-2
Date 2017
Published in Bmc Public Health. London, v. 17, p. -, 2017.
ISSN 1471-2458 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Biomed Central Ltd
Extent -
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4715-8
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000410971400002
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/57355

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