Clinical usefulness of end-tidal CO2 profiles during incremental exercise in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension

Clinical usefulness of end-tidal CO2 profiles during incremental exercise in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension

Author Ramos, Roberta Pulcheri Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Ferreira, Eloara Vieira Machado Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Valois, Fabricio Martins Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Cepeda, A. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Messina, Carolina Montemor Soares Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Oliveira, Rudolf Krawczenko Feitoza de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Araujo, Andre Telis de Vilela Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Teles, Carlos Alberto Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Neder, Jose Alberto Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Nery, Luiz Eduardo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Ota-Arakaki, Jaquelina Sonoe Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Introduction: Great ventilation to carbon dioxide output (Delta(V)over dotE/Delta(V)over dotCO(2)) and reduced end-tidal partial pressures for CO2 (PETCO2) during incremental exercise are hallmarks of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) and idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). However, CTEPH is more likely to involve proximal arteries, which may lead to poorer right ventricle-pulmonary vascular coupling and worse gas exchange abnormalities. Therefore, abnormal PETCO2 profiles during exercise may be more prominent in patients with CTEPH and could be helpful to indicate disease severity. Methods: Seventy patients with CTEPH and 34 with IPAH underwent right heart catheterization and cardiopulmonary exercise testing. According to PETCO2 pattern during exercise, patients were classified as having an increase or stabilization in PETCO2 up to the gas exchange threshold (GET), an abrupt decrease in the rest-exercise transition or a progressive and slow decrease throughout exercise. A subgroup of patients with CTEPH underwent a constant work rate exercise test to obtain arterial blood samples during steady-state exercise. Results: Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that progressive decreases in PETCO2 and SpO(2) were better discriminative parameters than Delta(V)over dotE/Delta(V)over dotCO(2) to distinguish CTEPH from IPAH. This pattern of PETCO2 was associated with worse functional impairment and greater reduction in PaCO2 during exercise. Conclusion: Compared to patients with IPAH, patients with CTEPH present more impaired gas exchange during exercise, and PETCO2 abnormalities may be used to identify more clinically and hemodynamically severe cases. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension
Exercise physiology
Gas exchange
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage London
Language English
Sponsor Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Grant number FAPESP: 007403/2011-19
CNPq: 301475/2015-6
Date 2016
Published in Respiratory Medicine. London, v. 120, p. 70-77, 2016.
ISSN 0954-6111 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher W B Saunders Co Ltd
Extent 70-77
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000388116100010

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