Repercussions of training and detraining by water-based exercise on functional fitness and quality of life: a short-term follow-up in healthy older women

Repercussions of training and detraining by water-based exercise on functional fitness and quality of life: a short-term follow-up in healthy older women

Autor Bocalini, Danilo Sales Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Serra, Andrey Jorge Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Rica, Roberta Luksevicius Google Scholar
Santos, Leonardo dos Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Nove de Julho University
Arbos College
Federal University of Espírito Santo
Resumo OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of short-term exercise detraining on the functional fitness of older women after a 12-week water-based exercise (WE) program. METHODS: Healthy older women (trained (TR) group) were submitted to 12 weeks WE (three 45 min sessions per week) followed by a 6-week detraining period. A group of aged-matched women without any exercise training (UN group) were evaluated during the same period. The aerobic power, measured by VO2max and 800 meters performance, and the neuromuscular fitness and quality of life were evaluated. All assessments were made at baseline, after 12 weeks of training and after 4 and 6 weeks of detraining. RESULTS: No changes were found for the UN group during the follow-up study, but WE induced significant improvement in aerobic capacity, neuromuscular fitness and quality of life score. However, the upper and lower body strength, agility, flexibility, and body balance returned to UN levels (p>0.05) after 6 weeks of detraining. CONCLUSIONS: The results confirmed that 12 weeks of WE improves the functional fitness parameters and quality of life of older women. However, after a short detraining period of 4-6 weeks, the neuromuscular parameters and the quality of life score returns to baseline or untrained subject levels.
Palavra-chave Older women
Water-based exercise
Functional fitness
Detraining
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 2010-01-01
Publicado em Clinics. Faculdade de Medicina / USP, v. 65, n. 12, p. 1305-1309, 2010.
ISSN 1807-5932 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Extensão 1305-1309
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1807-59322010001200013
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000288493400013
SciELO S1807-59322010001200013 (estatísticas na SciELO)
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/5467

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