Absence of the predisposing factors and signs and symptoms usually associated with overreaching and overtraining in physical fitness centers

Absence of the predisposing factors and signs and symptoms usually associated with overreaching and overtraining in physical fitness centers

Author Ackel-d'Elia, Carolina Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Vancini, Rodrigo Luiz Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Castelo Filho, Adauto Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Nouailhetas, Viviane Louise Andree Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Silva, Antonio Carlos da Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of the well-known predisposing factors and signs and symptoms usually associated with either overreaching or overtraining syndrome in physical fitness centers in São Paulo City, Brazil. METHOD: A questionnaire consisting of 13 question groups pertaining to either predisposing factors (1-7) or signs and symptoms (8-13) was given to 413 subjects. The general training schedule of the volunteers was characterized by workout sessions of 2.18 ± 0.04 h for a total of 11.0 ± 0.3 h/week for 33 ± 2 months independent of the type of exercise performed (walking, running, spinning, bodybuilding and stretching). A mean score was calculated ranging from 1 (completely absent) to 5 (severe) for each question group. A low occurrence was considered to be a question group score lower than 4, which was observed in all 13 question groups. RESULTS: The psychological evaluation by POMS Mood State Questionnaire indicated a normal non-inverted iceberg. The hematological parameters, creatine kinase activity, cortisol, total testosterone and free testosterone concentrations were within the normal ranges for the majority of the volunteers selected for this analysis (n = 60). CONCLUSION: According to the questionnaire score analysis, no predisposing factors or signs and symptoms usually associated with either overreaching or overtraining were detected among the members of physical fitness centers in São Paulo City, Brazil. This observation was corroborated by the absence of any significant hematological or stress hormone level alterations in blood analyses of the majority of the selected volunteers (n = 60).
Keywords Overtraining
Overreaching
Mood states
Blood and Biochemical analysis
Questionnaire
Language English
Date 2010-01-01
Published in Clinics. Faculdade de Medicina / USP, v. 65, n. 11, p. 1161-1166, 2010.
ISSN 1807-5932 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Extent 1161-1166
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1807-59322010001100019
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000288492000019
SciELO ID S1807-59322010001100019 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/5447

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