Repercussions of hypo and hyperthyroidism on the heart circadian clock

Repercussions of hypo and hyperthyroidism on the heart circadian clock

Author Peliciari-Garcia, Rodrigo A. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Bargi-Souza, Paula Google Scholar
Young, Martin E. Google Scholar
Nunes, Maria Tereza Google Scholar
Abstract Myocardial gene expression and metabolism fluctuate over the course of the day in association with changes in energy supply and demand. Time-of-day-dependent oscillations in myocardial processes have been linked to the intrinsic cardiomyocyte circadian clock. Triiodothyronine (T3) is an important modulator of heart metabolism and function. Recently, our group has reported time-of-day-dependent rhythms in cardiac T3 sensitivity, as well as, T3-mediated acute alterations on core clock components. Hypo and hyperthyroidism are the second most prevalent endocrine disease worldwide. Considering the importance of the cardiomyocyte circadian clock and T3 to cardiac physiology, the aim of this study was to investigate the consequences of chronic hypo and hyperthyroidism on 24-h rhythms of circadian clock genes in the heart. Hypo and hyperthyroidism was induced in rats by thyroidectomy (Tx) and i.p. injections of supraphysiological dose of T3, respectively. Here we report alterations in mRNA levels of the major core clock components (Bmal1, Per2, Nr1d1, and Rora) for both experimental conditions (with the exception of Per2 during hyperthyroid condition). Oscillations in mRNA levels of key glucose and fatty-acid metabolism genes known to be clock controlled (Pdk4, Ucp3, Acot1, and Cd36) were equally affected by the experimental conditions, especially during the hypothyroid state. These findings suggest that chronic alterations in thyroid status significantly impacts 24-h rhythms in circadian clock and metabolic genes in the heart. Whether these perturbations contribute toward the pathogenesis of cardiac dysfunction associated with hypo and hyperthyroidism requires further elucidation.
Keywords Hypothyroidism
circadian clocks
gene expression
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Philadelphia
Language English
Sponsor Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico [305936/2013-1]
Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior
Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo [2013/05629-4, 2014/25888-7]
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute [MEY HL074259, MEY HL106199, MEY HL123574]
Grant number CNPQ [305936/2013-1]
FAPESP [2013/05629-4, 2014/25888-7]
Date 2018
Published in Chronobiology International. Philadelphia, v. 35, n. 2, p. 147-159, 2018.
ISSN 0742-0528 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Taylor & Francis Inc
Extent 147-159
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000423882700001

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