Social stigma, legal and public health barriers faced by the third gender phenomena in Brazil, India and Mexico: Travestis, hijras and muxes

Social stigma, legal and public health barriers faced by the third gender phenomena in Brazil, India and Mexico: Travestis, hijras and muxes

Author Diehl, Alessandra Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Vieira, Denise Leite Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Zaneti, Marina Milograna Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Fanganiello, Ana Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Sharan, Pratap Google Scholar
Robles, Rebecca Google Scholar
Mari, Jair de Jesus Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Aim and Methods: The aim of this article is to provide a narrative literature review of the third gender' phenomenon in Brazil (Travestis), India (Hijras) and Mexico (Muxes), considering the social stigma, the legal and health aspects of these identities. Results: These three groups share similar experiences of stigmatisation, marginalisation, sexual abuse, HIV infection, infringement of civil rights and harassment accessing health services. Brazil, India and Mexico public services for the third gender conditions are still very scarce and inadequate for the heavy demand from potential users. Discussion and Conclusion: Although all three countries have used legislation to promote provision of comprehensive healthcare services for third gender, there is still strong resistance to implementation of such laws and policies. Brazil, India and Mexico face a huge challenge to become countries where all human rights are respected.
Keywords Transgender
social stigma
health policy development
health services for transgender persons
civil rights
Language English
Sponsor WHO
Grant number WHO: 2013/380204-0
WHO: 2014/404676-0
Date 2017
Published in International Journal Of Social Psychiatry. London, v. 63, n. 5, p. 389-399, 2017.
ISSN 0020-7640 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Sage Publications Ltd
Extent 389-399
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764017706989
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000405509200002
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/51503

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