Effects of acute sleep deprivation on state anxiety levels: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Effects of acute sleep deprivation on state anxiety levels: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author Pires, Gabriel Natan Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Bezerra, Andreia Gomes Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Tufik, Sergio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Andersen, Monica Levy Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Increased anxiety levels have been widely recognized as one of the most important consequences of sleep deprivation. However, despite this general consensus, there are still aspects of this relationship, such as the extent of the anxiogenic potential and the specific effects of different types of sleep deprivation, which remain unclear. As no broad review has been undertaken to evaluate this relationship, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis regarding the effects of sleep deprivation on state anxiety. Our search strategy encompassed two databases - Pubmed/Medline and copus - through which we were able to identify 756 articles. After the selection process, 18 articles, encompassing 34 experiments, composed our final sample. Our analyses indicate that sleep deprivation, whether total or not, leads to a significant increase in state anxiety levels, but sleep restriction does not. Regarding the effect of the length of the period of sleep deprivation, no significant results were observed, but there was a notable tendency for an increase in anxiety in longer sleep deprivations. With regard to tools, the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) seems to be the best one to measure sleep-induced anxiogenesis, while the Profile of Mood States (POMS) presented inconclusive results. In conclusion, it can be affirmed that sleep deprivation induces a state of increased anxiety, with similar results also in the case of total sleep deprivation

however, results in more specific experimental conditions are not definitive. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords Sleep
Sleep deprivation
Anxiety
Anxiogenesis
Meta-analysis
Language English
Sponsor AFIP
CNPq
FAPESP
Date 2016
Published in Sleep Medicine. Amsterdam, v. 23, p. 109-118, 2016.
ISSN 1389-9457 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier Science Bv
Extent 109-118
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2016.07.019
Access rights Closed access
Type Revisão
Web of Science ID WOS:000388541900016
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/51204

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