Chronic imipramine treatment-induced changes in acetylcholinesterase (EC activity in discrete rat brain regions

Chronic imipramine treatment-induced changes in acetylcholinesterase (EC activity in discrete rat brain regions

Autor Camarini, Rosana Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Venditti, Marco Antonio Campana Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo Cholinergic as well as monoaminergic neurotransmission seems to be involved in the etiology of affective disorders. Chronic treatment with imipramine, a classical antidepressant drug, induces adaptive changes in monoaminergic neurotransmission. In order to identify possible changes in cholinergic neurotransmission we measured total, membrane-bound and soluble acetylcholinesterase (Achase) activity in several rat brain regions after chronic imipramine treatment. Changes in Achase activity would indicate alterations in acetylcholine (Ach) availability to bind to its receptors in the synaptic cleft. Male rats were treated with imipramine (20 mg/kg, ip) for 21 days, once a day. Twenty-four hours after the last dose the rats were sacrificed and homogenates from several brain regions were prepared. Membrane-bound Achase activity (nmol thiocholine formed min-1 mg protein-1) after chronic imipramine treatment was significantly decreased in the hippocampus (control = 188.8 ± 19.4, imipramine = 154.4 ± 7.5, P<0.005) and striatum (control = 850.9 ± 59.6, imipramine = 742.5 ± 34.7, P<0.005). A small increase in total Achase activity was observed in the medulla oblongata and pons. No changes in enzyme activity were detected in the thalamus or total cerebral cortex. Since the levels of Achase seem to be enhanced through the interaction between Ach and its receptors, a decrease in Achase activity may indicate decreased Ach release by the nerve endings. Therefore, our data indicate that cholinergic neurotransmission is decreased after chronic imipramine treatment which is consistent with the idea of an interaction between monoaminergic and cholinergic neurotransmission in the antidepressant effect of imipramine
Assunto acetylcholinesterase
Idioma Inglês
Data 1997-08-01
Publicado em Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research. Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica, v. 30, n. 8, p. 955-960, 1997.
ISSN 0100-879X (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Editor Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Extensão 955-960
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:A1997XT03600007
SciELO S0100-879X1997000800007 (estatísticas na SciELO)

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