Alcoholic chronic pancreatitis: a quality of life study

Alcoholic chronic pancreatitis: a quality of life study

Title: Alcoholic chronic pancreatitis: a quality of life study;
Pancreatite crônica alcoólica: um estudo de qualidade de vida
Author Beninca, Simone Carla Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Melhem, Angelica de Freitas Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Martins, Renato Duffles Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Libera Junior, Ermelindo Della Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Objective To compare the quality of life between patients with alcoholic chronic pancreatitis and controls, and between diabetic and non-diabetic patients, correlating clinical, sociodemographic, and nutritional factors with their quality of life scores. Methods Forty-three outpatients of the pancreas and biliary tract clinic diagnosed with alcoholic chronic pancreatitis were assessed. Quality of life was measured by the Brazilian version of the Short Form-36. The control group consisted of 43 healthy companions. Nutritional status was classified according to body mass index and triceps, biceps, suprailiac, and subscapular skinfold thicknesses, using the appropriate methods. The percentage of body fat was given by adding the four skinfold thicknesses and by bioelectrical impedance analysis. The statistical tests included the Chi-square, Mann-Whitney, and Spearman's correlation tests, with the significance level set at p<0.05. Results The sociodemographic variables of the case and control groups did not differ. Quality of life was lower in alcoholic chronic pancreatitis patients than in controls. The only quality of life domain that differed between diabetics and non-diabetics was functional capacity, lower in diabetics (p=0.022). Smoking duration, alcohol intake in grams, and time since pancreatic surgery correlated negatively with the quality of life of alcoholic chronic pancreatitis patients. Old age, skinfold thicknesses, and percentage of body fat correlated positively with quality of life. Conclusion Quality of life is low in alcoholic chronic pancreatitis patients because of the negative influence of certain factors, such as smoking duration, amount of alcohol consumed, and time since pancreatic surgery.
Keywords Diabetes Mellitus
Pancreatitis, Alcoholic
Pancreatitis, Chronic
Quality Of LifeRisk
Language English
Date 2016
Published in Revista De Nutricao-Brazilian Journal Of Nutrition. Campinas, v. 29, n. 1, p. 23-31, 2016.
ISSN 1415-5273 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Pontificia universidade catolica campinas
Extent 23-31
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000369508900003
SciELO ID S1415-52732016000100023 (statistics in SciELO)

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