Physical activity and nutrition education at the school environment aimed at preventing childhood obesity: evidence from systematic reviews

Physical activity and nutrition education at the school environment aimed at preventing childhood obesity: evidence from systematic reviews

Title: Physical activity and nutrition education at the school environment aimed at preventing childhood obesity: evidence from systematic reviews;
A atividade física e a educação nutricional no ambiente escolar visando a prevenção da obesidade infantil: evidências de revisões sistemáticas
Author Guerra, Paulo Henrique Google Scholar
Silveira, Jonas Augusto Cardoso da Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Salvador, Emanuel Pericles Google Scholar
Abstract Objective: To organize the main findings and list the most frequent recommendations from systematic reviews of interventions developed at the school environment aimed at reducing overweight in children and adolescents. Data source: Searches for systematic reviews available until December 31, 2014 were conducted in five electronic databases: Cochrane, PubMed, SciELO, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science. Manual search for cross-references were also performed. Summary of the findings: Of the initial 2139 references, 33 systematic reviews adequately met the inclusion criteria and were included in the descriptive summary. In this set, interventions with periods of time greater than six months in duration (nine reviews), and parental involvement in the content and/or planned actions (six reviews) were identified as the most frequent and effective recommendations. Additionally, it was observed that boys respond more effectively to structural interventions, whereas girls respond to behavioral interventions. None of the included reviews was able to make inferences about the theoretical basis used in interventions as, apparently, those in charge of the interventions disregarded this component in their preparation. Conclusions: Although the summary identified evidence with important applications in terms of public health, there are still gaps to be filled in this field of knowledge, such as the effectiveness of different theoretical models, the identification of the best strategies in relation to gender and age of participants and, finally, the identification of moderating variables to maximize the benefits provided by the interventions. (C) 2015 Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
Keywords Review
Children
Physical Activity
Nutrition Education
Overweight
SchoolHealth-Promotion
Interventions
Children
Programs
Adolescents
Overweight
Weight
Recommendations
Challenges
Project
Language English
Date 2016
Published in Jornal De Pediatria. Rio de janeiro, rj, v. 92, n. 1, p. 15-23, 2016.
ISSN 0021-7557 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Soc brasil pediatria
Extent 15-23
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2015.06.005
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Revisão
Web of Science ID WOS:000371471300004
SciELO ID S0021-75572016000100015 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/49592

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