Factors associated with oral health-related quality of life in children and preadolescents: a cross-sectional study

Factors associated with oral health-related quality of life in children and preadolescents: a cross-sectional study

Author Barbosa, Tais de Souza Google Scholar
Duarte Gaviao, Maria Beatriz Google Scholar
Castelo, Paula Midori Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Leme, Marina Severi Google Scholar
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the factors associated with the perceptions of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in children and preadolescents. Materials and Methods: 167 students aged 8-14 years were recruited from the public schools of Piracicaba, Brazil. Participants were examined for caries, gingivitis, fluorosis, malocclusions and signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD). OHRQoL was measured using the Brazilian por version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ 8-10 and 11-14), where higher scores indicate worse OHRQoL. Symptoms of anxiety and depression were evaluated using self-applied questionnaires. Sociodemographic characteristics, dental history and oral hygiene habits were evaluated using a questionnaire. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify the variables associated with CPQ scores. Results: Higher CPQ 8-10 scores were associated with fluorosis, TMD and symptoms of anxiety and depression. Higher CPQ 11-14 scores were associated with females, TMD and symptoms of anxiety and depression. Younger children (OR = 0.32, p < 0.05) with signs and symptoms of TMD (OR = 4.38, p < 0.01) and anxiety (OR = 4.97, p < 0.001) were more likely to present higher CPQ 8-10 scores. Poor OHRQoL was associated with TMD (OR = 4.29, p < 0.01) and depressive symptoms (OR = 4.50, p < 0.001) in preadolescents. Conclusions: The data indicate that experience of oral diseases and disorders as well as psychological phenomena, such as anxiety and depression, influenced oral health outcomes in this group of children and preadolescents.
Keywords Adolescent
Child
Oral Health-Related Quality Of Life
Psychological FactorsResearch Diagnostic-Criteria
Temporomandibular Disorders
Dental-Caries
Conceptual-Model
Adolescents
Reliability
Impact
Questionnaire
Tmd
Malocclusion
Language English
Sponsor State of Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP, SP, Brazil) [2008/00325-9]
Grant number FAPESP: 2008/00325-9
Date 2016
Published in Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry. Hanover park, v. 14, n. 2, p. 137-148, 2016.
ISSN 1602-1622 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Quintessence publishing co inc
Extent 137-148
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.3290/j.ohpd.a35301
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000374209600006
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/49541

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