Factors associated with the implementation of programs for drug abuse prevention in schools

Factors associated with the implementation of programs for drug abuse prevention in schools

Title: Factors associated with the implementation of programs for drug abuse prevention in schools;
Fatores associados à implantação de programas de prevenção ao uso de drogas nas escolas
Author Dias Pereira, Ana Paula Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Paes, Angela Tavares Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Sanchez, Zila M. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To analyze if characteristics of managers, schools, and curriculum are associated with the implementation of programs for drug abuse prevention in elementary and high schools. METHODS: Cross-sectional study, with random sample of 263 school managers. Data were collected between 2012 and 2013 by a program that sends forms via internet. A closed self-filling questionnaire was applied online. Statistical analysis included Chi-square tests and logistic regression models. The outcome variable was the presence of program for drug abuse prevention inserted in the daily life and educational program of the school. The explanatory variables were divided into: demographic data of the manager

characteristics of the school and of the curriculum

health education

and drug use in the school. RESULTS: We found that 42.5% (95% CI 36.1-49.1) of the evaluated schools had programs for drug abuse prevention. With the multiple logistic regression model, we observed that the more time the manager has worked with education, the chance of the school having a program increased at about 4.0%. Experimenting with innovative teaching techniques also increased at about six times the chance of the school developing a program for drug abuse prevention. The difficulties in the implementation of the programs were more present in state and municipal schools, when compared with private schools, due to, for instance: lack of teaching materials, lack of money, and competing demands for teaching other subjects. CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of programs for drug abuse prevention in the city of Sao Paulo is associated with the experience of the manager in education and with the teaching strategies of the school.
Keywords School Health
Adolescent Behavior
Street Drugs
Substance-Related Disorders, Prevention & Control
Program Evaluation
Health PromotionSubstance Use Prevention
Sexual-Behavior
Alcohol
Adolescents
Curricula
Adoption
Brazil
Interventions
Students
Language English
Sponsor Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq) [472991/2012-4]
Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES)
Grant number CNPq: 472991/2012-4
Date 2016
Published in Revista De Saude Publica. Sao paulo, v. 50, p. 44, 2016.
ISSN 0034-8910 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Amer Soc Microbiology
Extent 44
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1518-8787.2016050005819
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000380728000047
SciELO ID S0034-89102016000100228 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/49451

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