Conservative interventions for treating middle third clavicle fractures in adolescents and adults

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dc.contributor.author Lenza, Mario
dc.contributor.author Faloppa, Flavio [UNIFESP]
dc.date.accessioned 2019-01-21T10:29:38Z
dc.date.available 2019-01-21T10:29:38Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD007121.pub4
dc.identifier.citation Cochrane Database Of Systematic Reviews. Hoboken, n. 12, p. CD007121, 2016.
dc.identifier.issn 1469-493X
dc.identifier.uri http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/49291
dc.description.abstract Background Clavicle (collarbone) fractures account for around 4% of all fractures. Most (76%) clavicle fractures involve the middle-third section of the clavicle. Treatment of these fractures is usually non-surgical (conservative). Commonly used treatments are arm slings, strapping and figure-of-eight bandages. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2009 and updated in 2014. Objectives To evaluate the effects (benefits and harms) of different methods for conservative (non-operative) treatment for acute (treated soon after injury) middle third clavicle fractures in adolescents and adults. Search methods We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE (from 1966), Embase (from 1980), LILACS (from 1982), trial registers, orthopaedic proceedings and reference lists of articles. We applied no language or publication restrictions. The date of the last search was 5 January 2016. Selection criteria Randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials testing conservative interventions for treating adolescents and adults with acute middle third clavicle fractures. The primary outcomes were shoulder function or disability, pain and treatment failure. Data collection and analysis For this update, two review authors selected eligible trials, independently assessed risk of bias and cross-checked data extraction. We calculated risk ratios and 95% confidence intervals for dichotomous variables, and mean differences and 95% confidence intervals for continuous variables. There was very limited pooling of data. Main results We included four trials in this review with 416 participants, who were aged 14 years or above. One new trial was included in this update. Very low quality evidence was available from three trials (296 participants) that compared the figure-of-eight bandage with an arm sling for treating acute middle third clavicle fractures. The three trials were underpowered and compromised by poor methodology. Shoulder function was assessed in different ways in the three trials (data for 51, 61 and 152 participants) en
dc.description.abstract each trial provided very low quality evidence of similar shoulder function in the two groups. Pooled data from two trials (203 participants) showed no clinical difference between groups after two weeks in pain (visual analogue scale: 0 (no pain) to 10 (worst pain) en
dc.description.abstract mean difference (MD) 0.43, 95% confidence interval (CI) -0.35 to 1.21 en
dc.description.abstract I-2 = 74% en
dc.description.abstract very low quality evidence). A third trial (61 participants) provided very low quality evidence based on a non-validated scoring system of more pain and discomfort during the course of treatment in the figure-of-eight group. Treatment failure, measured in terms of subsequent surgery, was not reported in two trials en
dc.description.abstract the third trial (152 participants) reported one participant in the arm sling group had surgery for secondary plexus nerve palsy. There was very low quality evidence from one trial (148 participants) of little difference in time to clinical fracture healing (MD 0.2 weeks, 95% CI -0.11 to 0.51) en
dc.description.abstract data from four non-symptomatic non-unions in the figure-of-eight group were not included. The very low evidence quality data for individual adverse outcomes (poor cosmetic appearance en
dc.description.abstract change in allocated treatment due to pain and discomfort, worsened fracture position on healing en
dc.description.abstract shortening > 15 mm en
dc.description.abstract non-symptomatic non-union and permanent pain) did not confirm a difference between the two groups. There was no clear between group difference in the time to return to school or work activities (MD -0.12 weeks, 95% CI -0.69 to 0.45 en
dc.description.abstract 176 participants en
dc.description.abstract very low quality evidence). Moderate quality evidence was available from one trial (120 participants en
dc.description.abstract reporting data for 101 participants), which evaluated therapeutic ultrasound. This trial was at low risk of bias but was underpowered and did not report on shoulder function or quality of life. The trial found no evidence of a difference between low-intensity pulsed ultrasound and placebo in pain, treatment failure (subsequent surgery: 6/52 versus 5/49 en
dc.description.abstract RR 1.13, 95% CI 0.37 to 3.47), the time to clinical fracture healing (MD -0.32 days, 95% CI -5.85 to 5.21), adverse events (one case of skin irritation was reported in each group) or time to resume previous activities. Authors' conclusions The current evidence available from randomised controlled trials is insufficient to determine which methods of conservative treatment are the most appropriate for acute middle third clavicle fractures in adolescents and adults. Further research is warranted. en
dc.description.sponsorship Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.sponsorship Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior, Brazil
dc.description.sponsorship University of Manchester, UK
dc.description.sponsorship Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Brazil
dc.format.extent CD007121
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Inst Israelita Ensino & Pesquisa Albert Einstein
dc.relation.ispartof Cochrane Database Of Systematic Reviews
dc.rights Acesso aberto
dc.subject Bandages [adverse Effects] en
dc.subject Clavicle [injuries] en
dc.subject Fractures, Bone [therapy] en
dc.subject Immobilization [methods] en
dc.subject Pain Measurement en
dc.subject Randomized Controlled Trials As Topic en
dc.subject Ultrasonic Therapy [methods] en
dc.subject Adolescent en
dc.subject Adult en
dc.subject Aged en
dc.subject Aged, 80 And Over en
dc.subject Humans en
dc.subject Middle Aged en
dc.subject Young AdultRandomized Controlled-Trial en
dc.subject Figure-Of-8 Bandage en
dc.subject Closed Treatment en
dc.subject Constant Score en
dc.subject Epidemiology en
dc.subject Arm en
dc.subject Classification en
dc.subject Ultrasound en
dc.subject Management en
dc.subject Nonunion en
dc.title Conservative interventions for treating middle third clavicle fractures in adolescents and adults en
dc.type Revisão
dc.description.affiliation Orthopaedic Department and School of Medicine, Faculdade Israelita de Ciencias da Saude Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationUnifesp Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Rua Borges Lagoa, 783 - 5th Floor, São Paulo, São Paulo, 04038-032, Brazil
dc.description.sponsorshipID Internal sources
dc.description.sponsorshipID Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Brazil.
dc.description.sponsorshipID Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior, Brazil.
dc.description.sponsorshipID The University of Manchester, UK.
dc.description.sponsorshipID Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Brazil.
dc.identifier.file WOS000391317400029.pdf
dc.identifier.doi 10.1002/14651858.CD007121.pub4
dc.description.source Web of Science
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000391317400029



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