Use of generic medicines by the brazilian population: an evaluation of pnaum 2014

Use of generic medicines by the brazilian population: an evaluation of pnaum 2014

Title: Use of generic medicines by the brazilian population: an evaluation of pnaum 2014;
Utilização de medicamentos genéricos na população brasileira: uma avaliação da PNAUM 2014
Author Bertoldi, Andrea Damaso Google Scholar
Dourado Arrais, Paulo Sergio Google Scholar
Leao Tavares, Noemia Urruth Google Scholar
Ramos, Luiz Roberto Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Luiza, Vera Lucia Google Scholar
Mengue, Sotero Serrate Google Scholar
Dal-Pizzol, Tatiane da Silva Google Scholar
Farias, Mareni Rocha Google Scholar
Oliveira, Maria Auxiliadora Google Scholar
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To analyze the existence of differences in the use of generic medicines in Brazil according to demographic and socioeconomic variables and acquisition sources of the medicines. METHODS: Population-based cross-sectional study, conducted with data from the Pesquisa Nacional de Acesso, Utilizacao e Promocao do Uso Racional de Medicamentos (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines). Data collection took place between September, 2013 and February, 2014 in homes of Brazilian cities (urban area). The use of medicines has been investigated in relation to the treatment of chronic diseases and, in the case of acute events, regarding use over the previous 15 days. Generics were identified by visualization of packaging presented by the users of the medicines. The independent variables used were sex, age, education level, economic class, and region of the Country. The statistical significance of differences between the groups was evaluated by Pearson's Chi-squared test, considering a 5% significance level. RESULTS: The prevalence of generic medicines use was 45.5% (95% CI 43.7-47.3). There was no difference considering education level. The prevalence was higher in females (47.0%

95% CI 44.9-49.0) than in males (43.1%

95% CI 40.5-45.8), and were higher with increasing age. Generic medicines were more used in the economic class C (47.0%

95% CI 44.9-49.1) and in the South (50.6%

95% CI 46.6-54.6) and Southeast (49.9%

95% CI 46.8-53.0) regions. Generics accounted for 37.3% of the medicines provided by the Brazilian Unified Health System. CONCLUSIONS: Currently, there is a choice of purchase or free provision by the Brazilian Unified Health System, characterized by quality assurance and reduced price regarding branded medicines considered as reference. In the private market, a considerable part of the population is choosing generic medicines thanks to the availability of this option for virtually all medicines most used by the population.
Keywords Sao-Paulo
Medication
Adults
Campinas
Drugs
Language English
Sponsor Department of Pharmaceutical Services and Strategic Health Supplies (DAF) of the Secretariat of Science, Technology and Strategic Inputs of the Ministry of Health (SCTIE/MS) [25000.111834/2]
Department of Science and Technology (DECIT) of the Secretariat of Science, Technology and Strategic Inputs of the Ministry of Health (SCTIE/MS) [25000.111834/2]
Grant number SCTIE/MS: 25000.111834/2
Date 2016
Published in Revista De Saude Publica. Sao paulo, v. 50, n. 2, p. 11s, 2016.
ISSN 0034-8910 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Iop Publishing Ltd
Extent 11s
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1518-8787.2016050006120
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000391447400005
SciELO ID S0034-89102016000300309 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/49278

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