Sociodemographic profile of medicines users in brazil: results from the 2014 pnaum survey

Sociodemographic profile of medicines users in brazil: results from the 2014 pnaum survey

Title: Sociodemographic profile of medicines users in brazil: results from the 2014 pnaum survey;
Perfil sociodemográfico dos usuários de medicamentos no Brasil: resultados da PNAUM 2014
Author Bertoldi, Andrea Damaso Google Scholar
Dal Pizzol, Tatiane da Silva Google Scholar
Ramos, Luiz Roberto Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mengue, Sotero Serrate Google Scholar
Luiza, Vera Lucia Google Scholar
Leao Tavares, Noemia Urruth Google Scholar
Farias, Mareni Rocha Google Scholar
Oliveira, Maria Auxiliadora Google Scholar
Dourado Arrais, Paulo Sergio Google Scholar
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of medicine use by the Brazilian population and its distribution according to sociodemographic factors. METHODS: Study using data from the Pesquisa Nacional de Acesso, Utilizacao e Promocao do Uso Racional de Medicamentos (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines), a nationwide household survey of a representative sample of the Brazilian urban population. The data were collected between September 2013 and February 2014. The overall use of medicines, defined as the use of any medicine, use of medicines for treating chronic medical conditions and for acute health conditions, was evaluated. The independent variables included gender, age group, socioeconomic position, and region of Brazil. Analyzes included prevalence calculations, 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) and Pearson Chi-square tests to evaluate the differences between groups, considering a 5% level of significance. RESULTS: The prevalence of medicines use was 50.7% (95% CI 49.3-52.2), with 39.3% (95% CI 37.5-41.1) accounting for men and 61.0% (95% CI 59.3-62.6) for women. Medicines use was observed to increase with increasing age, except among children within the zero to four years age group. The lowest prevalence for medicines use was found among those with a low socioeconomic position and those who reside in the North region of Brazil. The prevalence of medicine use to treat chronic diseases was 24.3% (95% CI 23.3-25.4), whereas it was 33.7% (95% CI 32.1-35.4) for treating acute diseases. CONCLUSIONS: We found extensive variability in the prevalence of medicines use across regions of Brazil. The poorest regions (North, Northeast, and Midwest) have a lower prevalence of medicines use to treat chronic diseases, indicating the need to minimize inequalities in access to medicines within the country.
Keywords Drug Utilization
Self-Medication
Sao-Paulo
Adults
Campinas
Language English
Sponsor Department of Pharmaceutical Services and Strategic Health Supplies (DAF) of the Secretariat of Science, Technology and Strategic Inputs from the Ministry of Health (SCTIE/MS) [25000,111834/2]
Department of Science and Technology (DECIT) of the Secretariat of Science, Technology and Strategic Inputs from the Ministry of Health (SCTIE/MS) [25000,111834/2]
Grant number SCTIE/MS: 25000,111834/2
Date 2016
Published in Revista De Saude Publica. Sao paulo, v. 50, n. 2, p. 5s, 2016.
ISSN 0034-8910 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Hindawi Publishing Corp
Extent 5s
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1518-8787.2016050006119
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000391447400004
SciELO ID S0034-89102016000300310 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/49277

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