Risk factors for complications in peripheral intravenous catheters in adults: secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial

Risk factors for complications in peripheral intravenous catheters in adults: secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial

Title: Risk factors for complications in peripheral intravenous catheters in adults: secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial;
Factores de riesgo para complicaciones en el catéter venoso periférico en adultos: análisis secundario de ensayo clínico aleatorizado;
Fatores de risco para complicações no cateter venoso periférico em adultos: análise secundária de ensaio clínico randomizado
Author Johann, Derdried Athanasio Google Scholar
Reichembach Danski, Mitzy Tannia Google Scholar
Vayego, Stela Adami Google Scholar
Barbosa, Dulce Aparecida Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Lind, Jolline Google Scholar
Abstract Objective: analyze the risk factors linked to complications in peripheral intravenous catheters. Method: secondary data analysis of a randomized controlled trial with 169 medical and surgical patients placed in two groups, one with integrated safety catheter (n= 90) and other using simple needle catheter (n= 79), with three months follow-up time. Results: the risk factors that raised the odds of developing complications were: hospitalization between 10-19 days (p= 0.0483) and 20-29 days (p= 0,0098), antimicrobial use (p= 0.0288) and use of fluid solutions (p= 0.0362). The 20 Gauge lowered the risks of complications (p= 0.0153). Multiple analysis showed reduction of risk for the 20 Gauge (p= 0.0350)

heightened risk for solutions and fluids (p= 0.0351) and use of corticosteroids (p= 0.0214). Conclusion: risk factors linked to complications in peripheral intravenous catheters were: hospitalization periods between 10-29 days, antimicrobial infusion, solutions and fluids and corticosteroids. Regarding complications, 20 Gauge is a protecting factor compared with 22. Brazilian Clinical Trials Registry: RBR-46ZQR8.
Keywords Catheterization, Peripheral
Risk Factors
Complications
Randomized Controlled Trial
NursingPhlebitis
Language English
Sponsor Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cient~fico e Tecnologico (CNPq), Brazil [482886/2013-7]
Grant number CNPq: 482886/2013-7
Date 2016
Published in Revista Latino-Americana De Enfermagem. Ribeirao preto, v. 24, p. e2833, 2016.
ISSN 1518-8345 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Extent e2833
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1518-8345.1457.2833
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000396277500082
SciELO ID S0104-11692016000100435 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/49258

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