Adherence to influenza vaccination among medical students during and after influenza a (h1n1) pandemic

Adherence to influenza vaccination among medical students during and after influenza a (h1n1) pandemic

Author de Paula, Stefano Ivani Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
de Paula, Gustavo Ivani Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Cunegundes, Kelly Simone Almeida Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
de Moraes-Pinto, Maria Isabel Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract This study evaluated the adherence to influenza vaccination among medical students in 2010 and 2011. From August to December 2011, a questionnaire was used to record the influenza vaccination in 2010 and 2011, reasons for acceptance of the influenza vaccine and knowledge of healthcare workers about the influenza vaccine recommendation. One hundred and forty-four students from the 2nd to the 6th years of the medical school were interviewed. A great adherence to pandemic influenza vaccine was noted in 2010, (91% of the students), with "self-protection" being the most common reason cited for vaccination. Other determinants for the vaccination during pandemic were "convenient access to vaccine" and "encouragement by peers and teachers in workplaces and at the university". However, there was a great decay in the acceptance to vaccine in the next influenza season (2011). Only 42% of the students received the vaccine. They claimed "lack of time" and "have forgotten to take the vaccine" as the main reasons. The "knowledge on the recommendation of influenza vaccine to healthcare workers" increased when the students come to attend the last year of the medical school, but that was an insufficient motivator for vaccination. Strategies to increase vaccination should be based on the above-mentioned aspects for the adoption of effective measures in both, pandemic and seasonal periods.
Keywords Influenza Vaccination
Vaccine Acceptance
Healthcare Workers
Medical StudentsHealth-Care Workers
A/H1n1 Vaccination
Rates
Attitudes
Coverage
Motivators
Knowledge
Personnel
Barriers
Acceptance
Language English
Sponsor Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico CNPq, Brazil
Date 2016
Published in Revista Do Instituto De Medicina Tropical De Sao Paulo. Sao paulo, v. 58, p. UNSP 82, 2016.
ISSN 0036-4665 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Soc Brasil Cirurgia Cardiovasc
Extent UNSP 82
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-9946201658082
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000396241000032
SciELO ID S0036-46652016005000264 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/49253

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